The Book of Job Archives

 Job 1


Prologue

1 In the land of Uz there lived a man whose name was Job. This man was blameless and upright; he feared God and shunned evil. 2 He had seven sons and three daughters, 3 and he owned seven thousand sheep, three thousand camels, five hundred yoke of oxen and five hundred donkeys, and had a large number of servants. He was the greatest man among all the people of the East.
4 His sons used to take turns holding feasts in their homes, and they would invite their three sisters to eat and drink with them. 5 When a period of feasting had run its course, Job would send and have them purified. Early in the morning he would sacrifice a burnt offering for each of them, thinking, "Perhaps my children have sinned and cursed God in their hearts." This was Job's regular custom.

Job:1-5

Explanation:

1:1  As we read the book of Job, we have information that the characters of the story do not.  Job, the main character of the book, lost all he had through no fault of his own.  As he struggled to understand why all this was happening to him, it became clear that he was not meant to know the reasons.  He would have to face life with the answers and explanations held back.  Only then would his faith fully develop.  We must experience life as Job did--one day at a time and without complete answers to all of life's questions.  Will we, like Job, trust God no matter what?  Or will we give in to the temptation to say that God doesn't really care?    The location of the land of Uz is uncertain.  We only know that Uz had plentiful pastures and crops, was located near a desert, and was close enough to the Sabeans and Chaldeans to be raided.  Uz is also mentioned in Jeremiah 25:19, 20.  Most scholars believe Uz was located east of the Jordan River near Canaan (Israel), where the Jews (those whom God first revealed himself) lived.  As we see calamity and suffering in the book of Job, we must remember that we live in a fallen world where good behavior is not always rewarded and bad behavior is not always punished.  When we see a notorious criminal prospering or an innocent child in pain, we say, that's wrong.  And it is.  Sin has a twisted justice and made our world unpredictable and ugly.  The book of Job shows a good man suffering for no apparent fault of his own.  Sadly, our world is like that.  But Job's story does not end in despair.  Through Job's life we can see that faith in God is justified even when our situations look hopeless.  Faith based on rewards or prosperity is hollow.  To be unshakable, faith must be built on the confidence that God's ultimate purpose will come to pass.

1:5   It is not known for sure, but Job probably lived during the days of the patriarchs (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob) before God gave his written law or appointed priests to be religious leaders.  During Job's day, the father was the family's religious leader.  Because there were no priests to instruct him in God's laws, Job acted as the priest and offered sacrifices to God to ask for forgiveness for sins he and his family had committed.  This demonstrated that Job did not consider himself sinless.  Job did this out of conviction and love for God, not just because it was his role as head of the house.  Do you carry out your spiritual duties because they are expected, or spontaneously from a heart of devotion?   Job showed deep concern for the spiritual welfare of his children.  Fearful that they might have sinned unknowingly, he offered sacrifices for them.  Parents today can show the same concern by praying for their children.  This means sacrificing some time each day to ask God to forgive them, to help them grow, to protect them, and to help them please him.

Job's First Test
6 One day the angels came to present themselves before the LORD , and Satan also came with them. 7 The LORD said to Satan, "Where have you come from?"
Satan answered the LORD , "From roaming through the earth and going back and forth in it."
8 Then the LORD said to Satan, "Have you considered my servant Job? There is no one on earth like him; he is blameless and upright, a man who fears God and shuns evil."
9 "Does Job fear God for nothing?" Satan replied. 10 "Have you not put a hedge around him and his household and everything he has? You have blessed the work of his hands, so that his flocks and herds are spread throughout the land. 11 But stretch out your hand and strike everything he has, and he will surely curse you to your face."
12 The LORD said to Satan, "Very well, then, everything he has is in your hands, but on the man himself do not lay a finger."
Then Satan went out from the presence of the LORD .

Job 1:6-12

Explanation:

1:6   The Bible speaks of other heavenly councils where God and the angels plan their activities on earth and where angels are required to give an account of themselves (1 Kings 22:19-23).  Because God is Creator of all angels--both of those who serve him and of those who rebelled--he has complete power and authority over them.

1:6, 7   Satan, originally an angel of God, became corrupt through his own pride.  He has been evil since his rebellion against God.  Satan considers God as his enemy.  He tries to hinder God's work in people, but he is limited by God's power  and can do only what he is permitted.  Satan is called the enemy because he actively looks for people to attack with temptation and because he wants to make people hate God.  He does this through lies and deception.  Job, a blameless and upright man who had been greatly blessed, was a perfect target for Satan.  Any person who is committed to God should expect Satan's attacks.  Satan, who hates God, also hates God's people.

1:6-12   From this conversation, we learn a great deal about Satan. (1) He is accountable to God.  All angelic beings, good and evil, are compelled to present themselves before God.  God knew that Satan was intent on attacking Job.  (2)  Satan can be at only one place at a time.  His demons aid him in his work, but as a created being hi is limited.  (3) Satan cannot see into our minds or foretell the future.  If he could, he would have known that Job would not break under pressure.  (4) Because Satan can do nothing without God's permission, God's people can overcome his attacks through God's power.  (5) God puts limitations on what Satan can do.  Satan's response to the Lord's question in 1:7 tells us that Satan is real and active on earth.  Knowing this about Satan should cause us to remain close to the One who is greater than Satan--God himself.

1:7   Some people suggest that this dialogue was made up by the author of this book.  Could this conversation between God and Satan really have happened?  Other Bible passages tell us that Satan does indeed have access to God (see Revelation 12:10).  He even went into God's presence to make accusations against Joshua the high priest (Zechariah 3:1, 2).  If this conversation didn't take place, then the reasons for Job's suffering become meaningless and the book of Job is reduced to fiction rather than fact.

1:8, 12   Job was a model of trust and obedience to God, yet God permitted Satan to attack him in an especially harsh manner.  Although God loves us, believing and obeying him do not shelter us from life's calamities.  Setbacks, tragedies, and sorrows strike Christians and non-Christians alike.  But in our tests and trials, God expects us to express our faith to the world.  How do you respond to your troubles?  Do you ask God, Why me? or do you say Use me? 

1:9   Satan attacked Job's motives saying that Job was blameless and upright only because he had no reason to turn against God.  Ever since he had started following God, everything had gone well for Job.  Satan wanted to prove that Job worshipped God, not out of love, but because God had given him so much.  Satan accurately analyzed why many people trust God.  They are fair-weather believers, following God only when everything is going well or for what they can get.  Adversity destroys this superficial faith.  But adversity strengthens real faith by causing believers to dig their roots deeper into God in order to withstand the storms.  How deep does your faith go?  Put the roots of your faith down deep into God so that you can withstand any storm you may face.

1:12   This conversation between God and Satan teaches us an important fact about God.  He is fully aware of every attempt by Satan to bring suffering and difficulty upon us.  While God may allow us to suffer for a reason beyond our understanding, he is never caught by surprise by our troubles and is always compassionate. 

13 One day when Job's sons and daughters were feasting and drinking wine at the oldest brother's house, 14 a messenger came to Job and said, "The oxen were plowing and the donkeys were grazing nearby, 15 and the Sabeans attacked and carried them off. They put the servants to the sword, and I am the only one who has escaped to tell you!"
16 While he was still speaking, another messenger came and said, "The fire of God fell from the sky and burned up the sheep and the servants, and I am the only one who has escaped to tell you!"
17 While he was still speaking, another messenger came and said, "The Chaldeans formed three raiding parties and swept down on your camels and carried them off. They put the servants to the sword, and I am the only one who has escaped to tell you!"
18 While he was still speaking, yet another messenger came and said, "Your sons and daughters were feasting and drinking wine at the oldest brother's house, 19 when suddenly a mighty wind swept in from the desert and struck the four corners of the house. It collapsed on them and they are dead, and I am the only one who has escaped to tell you!"
20 At this, Job got up and tore his robe and shaved his head. Then he fell to the ground in worship 21 and said:

"Naked I came from my mother's womb,
and naked I will depart.
The LORD gave and the LORD has taken away;
may the name of the LORD be praised."

22 In all this, Job did not sin by charging God with wrongdoing.

Job 1:13-22

Explanation:

1:15-17   The Sabeans were from southwest Arabia, while the Chaldeans were from the region north of the Persian Gulf.

1:16   The fire of God was a poetic way to describe lightning (1 Kings 18:38; 2 Kings 1:10-14).  In this case, it had to be unusually powerful to kill 7,000 sheep.

1:20-22   Job did not hide his overwhelming grief.  He had not lost his faith in God; instead, his emotions showed that he was human and that he loved his family.  God created our emotions, and it is not sinful or inappropriate to express them as Job did.  If you have experienced a deep loss, a disappointment, or a heartbreak, admit your feelings to yourself and others, and grieve.   Job had lost his possessions and family in this first of Satan's tests, but he reacted rightly toward God by acknowledging God's sovereign authority over everything God had given him.  Satan lost this first round.  Job passed the test and proved that people can love God for who he is, not for what he gives.

Job's Second Test

1 On another day the angels came to present themselves before the LORD , and Satan also came with them to present himself before him. 2 And the LORD said to Satan, "Where have you come from?"
Satan answered the LORD , "From roaming through the earth and going back and forth in it."
3 Then the LORD said to Satan, "Have you considered my servant Job? There is no one on earth like him; he is blameless and upright, a man who fears God and shuns evil. And he still maintains his integrity, though you incited me against him to ruin him without any reason."
4 "Skin for skin!" Satan replied. "A man will give all he has for his own life. 5 But stretch out your hand and strike his flesh and bones, and he will surely curse you to your face."
6 The LORD said to Satan, "Very well, then, he is in your hands; but you must spare his life."
7 So Satan went out from the presence of the LORD and afflicted Job with painful sores from the soles of his feet to the top of his head. 8 Then Job took a piece of broken pottery and scraped himself with it as he sat among the ashes.
9 His wife said to him, "Are you still holding on to your integrity? Curse God and die!"
10 He replied, "You are talking like a foolish* woman. Shall we accept good from God, and not trouble?"
In all this, Job did not sin in what he said.

* The Hebrew word rendered foolish denotes moral deficiency.

Job 2:1-10

Explanation:

2:3-6   Can Satan persuade God to change his plans?  At first God said he did not want Job harmed physically, but then he decided to allow it.  Satan is unable to persuade God to go against his character.  God is completely and eternally good.  But God was willing to go along with Satan's plan because God knew the eventual outcome of Job's story.  God cannot be fooled by Satan.  Job's suffering was a test for Job, Satan, and us--not God.

2:4, 5   Skin for skin was Satan's comment concerning Job's response to the loss of his family.  Satan still held to his opinion that Job was faithful only because of God's blessings.  Satan believed that Job was willing to accept the loss of family and property as long as his own skin was safe.  Satan's next step was to inflict physical suffering upon Job to prove his original accusation (1:9).

2:6   Again Satan had to seek permission from God to inflict pain upon Job.  God limits Satan, and in this case, he did not allow Satan to destroy Job.

2:9   Why was Job's wife spared when the rest of his family was killed?  It is possible that her very presence caused Job even more suffering through her chiding or sorrow over all they had lost.

2:10   Many people think that believing in God protects them from trouble, so when calamity comes, they question God's goodness and justice.  But the message of Job is that you should not give up on God because he allows you to have bad experiences.  Faith in God does not guarantee personal prosperity, and lack of faith does not guarantee troubles in this life.  If this were so, people would believe in God simply to get rich.  God is capable of rescuing us from suffering, but he may also allow suffering to come for reasons we cannot understand.  It is Satan's strategy to get us to doubt God at exactly this moment.  Here Job shows a perspective broader than seeking his own personal comfort.  If we always knew why we were suffering, our faith would have no room to grow.

Job's Three Friends
11 When Job's three friends, Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite, heard about all the troubles that had come upon him, they set out from their homes and met together by agreement to go and sympathize with him and comfort him. 12 When they saw him from a distance, they could hardly recognize him; they began to weep aloud, and they tore their robes and sprinkled dust on their heads. 13 Then they sat on the ground with him for seven days and seven nights. No one said a word to him, because they saw how great his suffering was.

Job 2:11-13

Explanation:

2:11   Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar were not only Job's friends, they were also know for their wisdom.  In the end, however, their wisdom was shown to be narrow-minded and incomplete.  Upon learning of Job's difficulties, these three friends came to sympathize with him and comfort him.  Later we learn that their words of comfort were not helpful--but at least they came.  While God rebuked them for what they said (we will cover this in chapter 42), he did not rebuke them for what they did--making the effort to come to someone who was in need.  Unfortunately, when they came, they did a poor job of comforting Job because they were proud of their own advice and insensitive to Job's needs.  When someone is in need, go to that person, but be sensitive in how you comfort him or her.

2:13   Why did the friends arrive and then just sit quietly?  According to Jewish tradition, people who come to comfort someone in mourning should not speak until the mourner speaks.  Often the best response to another person's suffering is silence.  Job's friends realized that his pain was too deep to be healed with mere words, so they said nothing.  (If only they had continued to sit quietly!)  Often, we feel we must say something spiritual and insightful to a hurting friend.  Perhaps what he or she needs most is just our presence, showing that we care.  Pat answers and the quotations say much less than empathetic silence and loving companionship.

Job 3


Job Speaks

1 After this, Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth. 2 He said:

3 "May the day of my birth perish,
and the night it was said, 'A boy is born!'
4 That day-may it turn to darkness;
may God above not care about it;
may no light shine upon it.
5 May darkness and deep shadow claim it once more;
may a cloud settle over it;
may blackness overwhelm its light.
6 That night-may thick darkness seize it;
may it not be included among the days of the year
nor be entered in any of the months.
7 May that night be barren;
may no shout of joy be heard in it.
8 May those who curse days curse that day,
those who are ready to rouse Leviathan.
9 May its morning stars become dark;
may it wait for daylight in vain
and not see the first rays of dawn,
10 for it did not shut the doors of the womb on me
to hide trouble from my eyes.

11 "Why did I not perish at birth,
and die as I came from the womb?
12 Why were there knees to receive me
and breasts that I might be nursed?
13 For now I would be lying down in peace;
I would be asleep and at rest
14 with kings and counselors of the earth,
who built for themselves places now lying in ruins,
15 with rulers who had gold,
who filled their houses with silver.
16 Or why was I not hidden in the ground like a stillborn child,
like an infant who never saw the light of day?
17 There the wicked cease from turmoil,
and there the weary are at rest.
18 Captives also enjoy their ease;
they no longer hear the slave driver's shout.
19 The small and the great are there,
and the slave is freed from his master.

20 "Why is light given to those in misery,
and life to the bitter of soul,
21 to those who long for death that does not come,
who search for it more than for hidden treasure,
22 who are filled with gladness
and rejoice when they reach the grave?
23 Why is life given to a man
whose way is hidden,
whom God has hedged in?
24 For sighing comes to me instead of food;
my groans pour out like water.
25 What I feared has come upon me;
what I dreaded has happened to me.
26 I have no peace, no quietness;
I have no rest, but only turmoil."

Job 3:1-26

Explanation:

3:1    Job's response to his second test--physical affliction--contrasts greatly to his attitude after the first test (1:20-22).  Job still did not curse God, but he cursed the day of his birth.  He felt it would be better never to be born than to be forsaken by God.  Job was struggling emotionally, physically, and spiritually;  his misery was pervasive and deep.  Never underestimate how vulnerable we during times of suffering and pain.  We must hold on to our faith even if there is no relief.

3:8   In Job's day, people were hired to pronounce curses.  Job desires that the soothsayers would call up the sea monster, Leviathan, to swallow up the day of Job's birth.

3:11   Job was experiencing extreme physical pain as well as grief over the loss of his family and possessions.  He can't be blamed for wishing he were dead.  Job's grief placed him at the crossroads of his faith, shattering many misconceptions about God (such as he makes you rich, always keeps you from trouble and pain, or protects your loved ones).  Job was driven back to the basics of his faith in God.  He had only two choices: (1) he could curse God and give up, or (2) he could trust God and draw strength from him to continue.

3:23-26   Job had been careful not to worship material possessions but to worship God alone.  Here he was overwhelmed by calamities that mocked his caution, and he complained about trials that came despite his right living.  All the principles by which he had lived were crumbling, and Job began to lose his perspective.  Trials and grief, whether temporary or enduring, do not destroy the real purpose of life.  Life is not given merely for happiness and personal fulfillment, but for us to serve and honor God.  The worth and meaning of life is not based on what we feel, but on the one reality no one can take away--God's love for us.  Don't assume that because God truly loves you, he will always prevent suffering.  The opposite may be true.  God's love cannot be measured or limited by how great or how little we may suffer.  Romans 8:38, 39 teaches us that nothing can separate us from God's love.

Eliphaz

1 Then Eliphaz the Temanite replied:

2 "If someone ventures a word with you, will you be impatient?
But who can keep from speaking?
3 Think how you have instructed many,
how you have strengthened feeble hands.
4 Your words have supported those who stumbled;
you have strengthened faltering knees.
5 But now trouble comes to you, and you are discouraged;
it strikes you, and you are dismayed.
6 Should not your piety be your confidence
and your blameless ways your hope?

7 "Consider now: Who, being innocent, has ever perished?
Where were the upright ever destroyed?
8 As I have observed, those who plow evil
and those who sow trouble reap it.

Job 4:1-8

Explanation:

4:1   Eliphaz claimed to have been given secret knowledge through a special revelation from God, and that he had learned much from personal experience.  He argued that suffering is a direct result of sin, so if Job would only confess his sin, his suffering would end.  Eliphaz saw suffering as God's punishment, which should be welcomed in order to bring a person back to God.  In some cases, of course, this may be true, but it was not true with Job.  Although Eliphaz had many good and true comments, he made three wrong assumptions: (1) a good and innocent person never suffers; (2) those who suffer are being punished for their past sins; and (3) Job, because he was suffering, had done something wrong in God's eyes.  Teman was a trading city in Edom, noted as a place of wisdom. (see Jeremiah 49:7)

4:7, 8   Part of what Eliphaz said is true, and part is false.  It is true that those who promote sin and trouble eventually will be punished;  it is false that anyone who is good and innocent will never suffer.   All the material recorded and quoted in the Bible is there by God's choice.  Some is a record of what people said and did but is not an example to follow.  The sins, the defeats, the evil thoughts, and misconceptions about God are all part of God's divinely inspired Word, but we should not follow those wrong examples just because they are in the Bible.  The Bible gives us teachings and examples of what we should do as well as what we should not do.  Eliphaz's comments are an example of what we should try to avoid--making false assumptions about others based on our own experiences.

9 At the breath of God they are destroyed;
at the blast of his anger they perish.
10 The lions may roar and growl,
yet the teeth of the great lions are broken.
11 The lion perishes for lack of prey,
and the cubs of the lioness are scattered.

12 "A word was secretly brought to me,
my ears caught a whisper of it.
13 Amid disquieting dreams in the night,
when deep sleep falls on men,
14 fear and trembling seized me
and made all my bones shake.
15 A spirit glided past my face,
and the hair on my body stood on end.
16 It stopped,
but I could not tell what it was.
A form stood before my eyes,
and I heard a hushed voice:
17 'Can a mortal be more righteous than God?
Can a man be more pure than his Maker?
18 If God places no trust in his servants,
if he charges his angels with error,
19 how much more those who live in houses of clay,
whose foundations are in the dust,
who are crushed more readily than a moth!
20 Between dawn and dusk they are broken to pieces;
unnoticed, they perish forever.
21 Are not the cords of their tent pulled up,
so that they die without wisdom?'

Job 4:9-21

Explanation:

4:12, 13   Although Eliphaz claimed that his vision was divinely inspired, it is doubtful that it came from God because later God criticized Eliphaz for misrepresenting him.   Whatever the vision's source, it is summarized in 4:17.  On the surface, this statement is completely true--a mere mortal cannot compare to God and should not try to question God's motives and actions.  Eliphaz, however, took this thought and expounded on it later, expressing his own opinions.  His conclusion (we will see it in chapter 5) reveals a very shallow understanding of Job and his suffering.  It is easy for teachers, counselors, and well-meaning friends to begin with a portion of God's truth but then go off on a tangent.  Don't limit God to your perspective and finite understanding of life.

4:18, 19   Do angels really make errors?  Remember that Eliphaz was speaking, not God, so we must be careful about building our knowledge of the spiritual world from Eliphaz's opinions.  In addition, the word translated error is used only here, and its meaning is unclear.  We could save Eliphaz's credibility by saying he meant fallen angels, but this passage is not meant to teach about angels.  Eliphaz was saying that sinful human beings are far beneath God and the angels.  Eliphaz was right about God's greatness, but he did not understand God's greater purposes concerning suffering.

Job 5
1 "Call if you will, but who will answer you?
To which of the holy ones will you turn?
2 Resentment kills a fool,
and envy slays the simple.
3 I myself have seen a fool taking root,
but suddenly his house was cursed.
4 His children are far from safety,
crushed in court without a defender.
5 The hungry consume his harvest,
taking it even from among thorns,
and the thirsty pant after his wealth.
6 For hardship does not spring from the soil,
nor does trouble sprout from the ground.
7 Yet man is born to trouble
as surely as sparks fly upward.

8 "But if it were I, I would appeal to God;
I would lay my cause before him.
9 He performs wonders that cannot be fathomed,
miracles that cannot be counted.
10 He bestows rain on the earth;
he sends water upon the countryside.
11 The lowly he sets on high,
and those who mourn are lifted to safety.
12 He thwarts the plans of the crafty,
so that their hands achieve no success.
13 He catches the wise in their craftiness,
and the schemes of the wily are swept away.
14 Darkness comes upon them in the daytime;
at noon they grope as in the night.
15 He saves the needy from the sword in their mouth;
he saves them from the clutches of the powerful.
16 So the poor have hope,
and injustice shuts its mouth.

17 "Blessed is the man whom God corrects;
so do not despise the discipline of the Almighty.
18 For he wounds, but he also binds up;
he injures, but his hands also heal.
19 From six calamities he will rescue you;
in seven no harm will befall you.
20 In famine he will ransom you from death,
and in battle from the stroke of the sword.
21 You will be protected from the lash of the tongue,
and need not fear when destruction comes.
22 You will laugh at destruction and famine,
and need not fear the beasts of the earth.
23 For you will have a covenant with the stones of the field,
and the wild animals will be at peace with you.
24 You will know that your tent is secure;
you will take stock of your property and find nothing missing.
25 You will know that your children will be many,
and your descendants like the grass of the earth.
26 You will come to the grave in full vigor,
like sheaves gathered in season.

27 "We have examined this, and it is true.
So hear it and apply it to yourself."

Job 5:1-27

Explanation:

5:8   All three of Job's friends made the mistake of assuming that Job had committed some great sin that had caused his suffering.  Neither they nor Job knew of Satan's conversation with God (1:6--2:8).  It is human nature to blame people for their own troubles, but Job's story makes it clear that blame cannot always be attached to those whom trouble strikes.

5:13   Paul later quoted part of this verse (1 Corinthians 3:19)--the only time Job is clearly quoted in the New Testament.  Although God rebuked Eliphaz for being wrong in his advice to Job, not all he said was in error.  The part Paul quoted was correct--people are often caught in their own traps (in their craftiness).  This illustrates how Scripture must be used to explain and comment on itself.  We must be familiar with the entire scope of God's Word to properly understand the difficult portions of it.

5:17   Eliphaz was correct--it is a blessing to be disciplined by God when we do wrong.  Eliphaz's advice, however, did not apply to Job.  As we know from the beginning of the book, Job's suffering was not a result of some great sin.  We sometimes give people excellent advice only to learn that it does not apply to them and is therefore not very helpful.  All who offer counsel from God's Word should take care to thoroughly understand a person's situation before giving advice.

5:17-26   Eliphaz's words in 5:17, 18 show a view of discipline that has been almost forgotten: pain can help us grow.  These are good words to remember when we face hardship and loss.  Because Job did not understand why he suffered, his faith in God had a chance to grow.  On the other hand, we must not make Eliphaz's mistake.  God does not eliminate all hardship when we are following him closely, and good behavior is not always rewarded by prosperity.  Rewards for good and punishment for evil are in God's hands and given out according to his timetable.  Satan's ploy is to get us to doubt God's goodwill toward us.

Job 6


Job

1 Then Job replied:

2 "If only my anguish could be weighed
and all my misery be placed on the scales!
3 It would surely outweigh the sand of the seas-
no wonder my words have been impetuous.
4 The arrows of the Almighty are in me,
my spirit drinks in their poison;
God's terrors are marshaled against me.
5 Does a wild donkey bray when it has grass,
or an ox bellow when it has fodder?
6 Is tasteless food eaten without salt,
or is there flavor in the white of an egg ?
7 I refuse to touch it;
such food makes me ill.

8 "Oh, that I might have my request,
that God would grant what I hope for,
9 that God would be willing to crush me,
to let loose his hand and cut me off!
10 Then I would still have this consolation-
my joy in unrelenting pain-
that I had not denied the words of the Holy One.

11 "What strength do I have, that I should still hope?
What prospects, that I should be patient?
12 Do I have the strength of stone?
Is my flesh bronze?
13 Do I have any power to help myself,
now that success has been driven from me?

14 "A despairing man should have the devotion of his friends,
even though he forsakes the fear of the Almighty.
15 But my brothers are as undependable as intermittent streams,
as the streams that overflow
16 when darkened by thawing ice
and swollen with melting snow,
17 but that cease to flow in the dry season,
and in the heat vanish from their channels.
18 Caravans turn aside from their routes;
they go up into the wasteland and perish.
19 The caravans of Tema look for water,
the traveling merchants of Sheba look in hope.
20 They are distressed, because they had been confident;
they arrive there, only to be disappointed.
21 Now you too have proved to be of no help;
you see something dreadful and are afraid.
22 Have I ever said, 'Give something on my behalf,
pay a ransom for me from your wealth,
23 deliver me from the hand of the enemy,
ransom me from the clutches of the ruthless'?

24 "Teach me, and I will be quiet;
show me where I have been wrong.
25 How painful are honest words!
But what do your arguments prove?
26 Do you mean to correct what I say,
and treat the words of a despairing man as wind?
27 You would even cast lots for the fatherless
and barter away your friend.

28 "But now be so kind as to look at me.
Would I lie to your face?
29 Relent, do not be unjust;
reconsider, for my integrity is at stake.
30 Is there any wickedness on my lips?
Can my mouth not discern malice?

Job 6:1-30

Explanation:

6:6, 7   Job said that Eliphaz's advice was like eating the tasteless white of an egg.  When people are going through severe trials, ill-advised counsel is distasteful.  They may listen politely, but inside they are upset.  Be slow to give advice to those who are hurting.  They often need compassion more than they need advice.

6:8, 9   In his grief, Job wanted to give in, to be freed from his discomfort, and to die.  But God did not grant Job's request.  He had a greater plan for him.  Our tendency, like Job's, is to want to give up and get out when the going gets rough.  To trust God in the good times is commendable, but to trust him during the difficult times tests us to our limits and exercises our faith.  In your struggles, large or small, trust that God is in control and that he will take care of you (Romans 8:28).

6:29, 30   Job referred to his own integrity, not because he was sinless, but because he had a right relationship with God.  He was not guilty of the sins his friends accused him of.  Another rendering of this verse could read;  My righteousness still stands.  Righteousness is not the same as sinlessness (Romans 3:23).  No one but Jesus Christ has ever been sinless--free from all wrong thoughts and actions.  Even Job needed to make some changes in his attitude toward God, as we will see by the end of the book.  Nevertheless, Job was righteous.  He carefully obeyed God to the best of his ability in all aspects of his life.

Job 7
1 "Does not man have hard service on earth?
Are not his days like those of a hired man?
2 Like a slave longing for the evening shadows,
or a hired man waiting eagerly for his wages,
3 so I have been allotted months of futility,
and nights of misery have been assigned to me.
4 When I lie down I think, 'How long before I get up?'
The night drags on, and I toss till dawn.
5 My body is clothed with worms and scabs,
my skin is broken and festering.

6 "My days are swifter than a weaver's shuttle,
and they come to an end without hope.
7 Remember, O God, that my life is but a breath;
my eyes will never see happiness again.
8 The eye that now sees me will see me no longer;
you will look for me, but I will be no more.
9 As a cloud vanishes and is gone,
so he who goes down to the grave does not return.
10 He will never come to his house again;
his place will know him no more.

11 "Therefore I will not keep silent;
I will speak out in the anguish of my spirit,
I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.
12 Am I the sea, or the monster of the deep,
that you put me under guard?
13 When I think my bed will comfort me
and my couch will ease my complaint,
14 even then you frighten me with dreams
and terrify me with visions,
15 so that I prefer strangling and death,
rather than this body of mine.
16 I despise my life; I would not live forever.
Let me alone; my days have no meaning.

17 "What is man that you make so much of him,
that you give him so much attention,
18 that you examine him every morning
and test him every moment?
19 Will you never look away from me,
or let me alone even for an instant?
20 If I have sinned, what have I done to you,
O watcher of men?
Why have you made me your target?
Have I become a burden to you?
21 Why do you not pardon my offenses
and forgive my sins?
For I will soon lie down in the dust;
you will search for me, but I will be no more."

Job 7:1-21

Explanation:

7:11   Job felt deep anguish and bitterness, and he spoke honestly to God about his feelings to let out his frustrations.  If we express our feelings to God, we can deal with them without exploding in harsh words and actions, possibly hurting ourselves and others.  The next time strong emotions threaten to overwhelm you, express them openly to God in prayer.  This will help you gain an eternal perspective on the situation and give you greater ability to deal with it constructively.

7:12   Job stopped talking to Eliphaz and spoke directly to God.  Although Job had lived a blameless life, he was beginning to doubt the value of living in such a way.  By doing this, he was coming dangerously close to suggesting that God didn't care about him and was not being fair.  Later God reproved Job for this attitude.  Satan always exploits these thoughts to get us to forsake God.  Our suffering, like Job's, may not be the result of our sin, but we must be careful not to sin as a result of our suffering.

7:20   Job referred to God as a watcher or observer of humanity.  He was expressing his feeling that God seemed like an enemy to him--someone who mercilessly watched him squirm in his misery.  We know that God does watch over everything that happens to us.  We must never forget that he sees us with compassion, not merely with critical scrutiny.  His eyes are eyes of love.

Job 8


Bildad

1 Then Bildad the Shuhite replied:

2 "How long will you say such things?
Your words are a blustering wind.
3 Does God pervert justice?
Does the Almighty pervert what is right?
4 When your children sinned against him,
he gave them over to the penalty of their sin.
5 But if you will look to God
and plead with the Almighty,
6 if you are pure and upright,
even now he will rouse himself on your behalf
and restore you to your rightful place.
7 Your beginnings will seem humble,
so prosperous will your future be.

8 "Ask the former generations
and find out what their fathers learned,
9 for we were born only yesterday and know nothing,
and our days on earth are but a shadow.
10 Will they not instruct you and tell you?
Will they not bring forth words from their understanding?
11 Can papyrus grow tall where there is no marsh?
Can reeds thrive without water?
12 While still growing and uncut,
they wither more quickly than grass.
13 Such is the destiny of all who forget God;
so perishes the hope of the godless.
14 What he trusts in is fragile ;
what he relies on is a spider's web.
15 He leans on his web, but it gives way;
he clings to it, but it does not hold.
16 He is like a well-watered plant in the sunshine,
spreading its shoots over the garden;
17 it entwines its roots around a pile of rocks
and looks for a place among the stones.
18 But when it is torn from its spot,
that place disowns it and says, 'I never saw you.'
19 Surely its life withers away,
and from the soil other plants grow.

20 "Surely God does not reject a blameless man
or strengthen the hands of evildoers.
21 He will yet fill your mouth with laughter
and your lips with shouts of joy.
22 Your enemies will be clothed in shame,
and the tents of the wicked will be no more."

Job 8:1-22

Explanation:

8:1   Bildad was upset that Job still claimed innocence while questioning God's justice.  The basis of Bildad's argument (the justice of God) was correct, but his idea of God's justice was not.  Bildad's argument went like this: God could not be unjust, and God would not punish a just man, therefore Job must be unjust.  Bildad felt there were no exceptions to his theory.  Like Eliphaz, Bildad wrongly assumed that people suffer only as a result of their sins.  Bildad was even less sensitive and compassionate, saying that Job's children died because of their wickedness.

8:14, 15   Bildad wrongly assumed that Job was trusting in something other than God for security, so he pointed out that such supports will collapse (what he trusts in is fragile).  One of man's basic needs is security, and people will do almost anything to feel secure.  Eventually, however, our money, possessions, knowledge, and relationships will fail or be gone.  Only God can give lasting security.  What have you trusted for your security?  How lasting is it?  If you have a secure foundation with God, feelings of insecurity will not undermine you.

Job 9


Job

1 Then Job replied:

2 "Indeed, I know that this is true.
But how can a mortal be righteous before God?
3 Though one wished to dispute with him,
he could not answer him one time out of a thousand.
4 His wisdom is profound, his power is vast.
Who has resisted him and come out unscathed?
5 He moves mountains without their knowing it
and overturns them in his anger.
6 He shakes the earth from its place
and makes its pillars tremble.
7 He speaks to the sun and it does not shine;
he seals off the light of the stars.
8 He alone stretches out the heavens
and treads on the waves of the sea.
9 He is the Maker of the Bear and Orion,
the Pleiades and the constellations of the south.
10 He performs wonders that cannot be fathomed,
miracles that cannot be counted.
11 When he passes me, I cannot see him;
when he goes by, I cannot perceive him.
12 If he snatches away, who can stop him?
Who can say to him, 'What are you doing?'
13 God does not restrain his anger;
even the cohorts of Rahab cowered at his feet.

14 "How then can I dispute with him?
How can I find words to argue with him?
15 Though I were innocent, I could not answer him;
I could only plead with my Judge for mercy.
16 Even if I summoned him and he responded,
I do not believe he would give me a hearing.
17 He would crush me with a storm
and multiply my wounds for no reason.
18 He would not let me regain my breath
but would overwhelm me with misery.
19 If it is a matter of strength, he is mighty!
And if it is a matter of justice, who will summon him ?
20 Even if I were innocent, my mouth would condemn me;
if I were blameless, it would pronounce me guilty.

21 "Although I am blameless,
I have no concern for myself;
I despise my own life.
22 It is all the same; that is why I say,
'He destroys both the blameless and the wicked.'
23 When a scourge brings sudden death,
he mocks the despair of the innocent.
24 When a land falls into the hands of the wicked,
he blindfolds its judges.
If it is not he, then who is it?

25 "My days are swifter than a runner;
they fly away without a glimpse of joy.
26 They skim past like boats of papyrus,
like eagles swooping down on their prey.
27 If I say, 'I will forget my complaint,
I will change my expression, and smile,'
28 I still dread all my sufferings,
for I know you will not hold me innocent.
29 Since I am already found guilty,
why should I struggle in vain?
30 Even if I washed myself with soap
and my hands with washing soda,
31 you would plunge me into a slime pit
so that even my clothes would detest me.

32 "He is not a man like me that I might answer him,
that we might confront each other in court.
33 If only there were someone to arbitrate between us,
to lay his hand upon us both,
34 someone to remove God's rod from me,
so that his terror would frighten me no more.
35 Then I would speak up without fear of him,
but as it now stands with me, I cannot.

Job 9:1-35

Explanation:

9:1   Bildad said nothing new to Job.  Job knew that the wicked ultimately perish, but his situation confused him.  Why, then, was he perishing?  Job didn't think his life warranted such suffering, so he wanted his case presented before God (9:32-35).  He recognized, however, that arguing with God would be futile and unproductive (9:4).  Job didn't claim to be perfect (7:20, 21; 9:20), but he did claim to be good and faithful (6:29,30).  While Job showed impatience toward God, he did not reject or curse God.

9:9   The Bear, Orion, and Pleiades are constellations of stars.

9:13  Rahab is the name of a legendary sea monster.  According to a Babylonian creation myth, Marduk defeated Tiamat (another name for Rahab), then captured her helpers.  Job's friends would have known this myth and understood Job's meaning.  God is sovereign over all the forces.

9:20, 21   Even if I were innocent, my mouth would condemn me.  Job was saying, In spite of my good life, God is determined to condemn me.  As his suffering continued, he became more impatient.  Although Job remained loyal to God, he made statements he would later regret.  In times of extended sickness or prolonged pain, it is natural for people to doubt, to despair, or to become impatient.  During those times, people need someone to listen to them, to help them work through their feelings and frustrations.  Your patience with their impatience will help them.

Job 10
1 "I loathe my very life;
therefore I will give free rein to my complaint
and speak out in the bitterness of my soul.
2 I will say to God: Do not condemn me,
but tell me what charges you have against me.
3 Does it please you to oppress me,
to spurn the work of your hands,
while you smile on the schemes of the wicked?
4 Do you have eyes of flesh?
Do you see as a mortal sees?
5 Are your days like those of a mortal
or your years like those of a man,
6 that you must search out my faults
and probe after my sin-
7 though you know that I am not guilty
and that no one can rescue me from your hand?

8 "Your hands shaped me and made me.
Will you now turn and destroy me?
9 Remember that you molded me like clay.
Will you now turn me to dust again?
10 Did you not pour me out like milk
and curdle me like cheese,
11 clothe me with skin and flesh
and knit me together with bones and sinews?
12 You gave me life and showed me kindness,
and in your providence watched over my spirit.

13 "But this is what you concealed in your heart,
and I know that this was in your mind:
14 If I sinned, you would be watching me
and would not let my offense go unpunished.
15 If I am guilty-woe to me!
Even if I am innocent, I cannot lift my head,
for I am full of shame
and drowned in my affliction.
16 If I hold my head high, you stalk me like a lion
and again display your awesome power against me.
17 You bring new witnesses against me
and increase your anger toward me;
your forces come against me wave upon wave.

18 "Why then did you bring me out of the womb?
I wish I had died before any eye saw me.
19 If only I had never come into being,
or had been carried straight from the womb to the grave!
20 Are not my few days almost over?
Turn away from me so I can have a moment's joy
21 before I go to the place of no return,
to the land of gloom and deep shadow,
22 to the land of deepest night,
of deep shadow and disorder,
where even the light is like darkness."

Job 10:1-22

Explanation:

10:1   Job began to wallow in self-pity.  When we face baffling affliction, our pain lures us toward feeling sorry for ourselves.  At this point we are only one step away from self-righteousness, where we keep track of life's injustices and say Look what happened to me; how unfair it is!  We may feel like blaming God.  Remember that life's trials, whether allowed by God or sent by God, can be the means for development and refinement.  When facing trials, ask, What can I learn and how can I grow? rather than Who did this to me and how can I get out of it?

10:13, 14   In frustration, Job jumped to the false conclusion that God was out to get him.  Wrong assumptions lead to wrong conclusions.  We dare not take our limited experiences and jump to conclusions about life in general.  If you find yourself doubting God, remember that you don't have all the facts.  God wants only the very best for your life.  Many people endure great pain, but ultimately they find some greater good came from it.  When you're struggling, don't assume the worst.

10:20-22   Job was expressing the view of death common in Old Testament times, that the dead went to a joyless, dark place.  There was no punishment or reward there, and no escape from it.

Job 11


Zophar

1 Then Zophar the Naamathite replied:

2 "Are all these words to go unanswered?
Is this talker to be vindicated?
3 Will your idle talk reduce men to silence?
Will no one rebuke you when you mock?
4 You say to God, 'My beliefs are flawless
and I am pure in your sight.'
5 Oh, how I wish that God would speak,
that he would open his lips against you
6 and disclose to you the secrets of wisdom,
for true wisdom has two sides.
Know this: God has even forgotten some of your sin.

7 "Can you fathom the mysteries of God?
Can you probe the limits of the Almighty?
8 They are higher than the heavens-what can you do?
They are deeper than the depths of the grave -what can you know?
9 Their measure is longer than the earth
and wider than the sea.

10 "If he comes along and confines you in prison
and convenes a court, who can oppose him?
11 Surely he recognizes deceitful men;
and when he sees evil, does he not take note?
12 But a witless man can no more become wise
than a wild donkey's colt can be born a man.

13 "Yet if you devote your heart to him
and stretch out your hands to him,
14 if you put away the sin that is in your hand
and allow no evil to dwell in your tent,
15 then you will lift up your face without shame;
you will stand firm and without fear.
16 You will surely forget your trouble,
recalling it only as waters gone by.
17 Life will be brighter than noonday,
and darkness will become like morning.
18 You will be secure, because there is hope;
you will look about you and take your rest in safety.
19 You will lie down, with no one to make you afraid,
and many will court your favor.
20 But the eyes of the wicked will fail,
and escape will elude them;
their hope will become a dying gasp."

Job 11:1-20

Explanation:

11:1    Zophar is the third of Job's friends to speak, and the least courteous.  Full of anger, he lashed out at Job, saying that Job deserved more punishment, not less.  Zophar took the same position as Eliphaz and Bildad--that Job was suffering because of sin--but his speech was by far the most arrogant.  Zophar was the kind of person who has an answer for everything, he was totally insensitive to Job's unique situation.

11:11    By calling Job deceitful, Zophar was accusing Job of hiding secret faults and sins.  Although Zophar's assumption was wrong, he explained quite accurately that God knows and sees everything.  We are often tempted by the thought, No one will ever know!  Perhaps we can hide some sin from others, but we can do nothing without God knowing about it.  Because our very thoughts are known to God, of course he will notice our sins.  Job understood this as well as Zophar did, but it didn't apply to his current dilemma.

Job 12


Job

1 Then Job replied:

2 "Doubtless you are the people,
and wisdom will die with you!
3 But I have a mind as well as you;
I am not inferior to you.
Who does not know all these things?

4 "I have become a laughingstock to my friends,
though I called upon God and he answered-
a mere laughingstock, though righteous and blameless!
5 Men at ease have contempt for misfortune
as the fate of those whose feet are slipping.
6 The tents of marauders are undisturbed,
and those who provoke God are secure-
those who carry their god in their hands.

7 "But ask the animals, and they will teach you,
or the birds of the air, and they will tell you;
8 or speak to the earth, and it will teach you,
or let the fish of the sea inform you.
9 Which of all these does not know
that the hand of the LORD has done this?
10 In his hand is the life of every creature
and the breath of all mankind.
11 Does not the ear test words
as the tongue tastes food?
12 Is not wisdom found among the aged?
Does not long life bring understanding?

13 "To God belong wisdom and power;
counsel and understanding are his.
14 What he tears down cannot be rebuilt;
the man he imprisons cannot be released.
15 If he holds back the waters, there is drought;
if he lets them loose, they devastate the land.
16 To him belong strength and victory;
both deceived and deceiver are his.
17 He leads counselors away stripped
and makes fools of judges.
18 He takes off the shackles put on by kings
and ties a loincloth around their waist.
19 He leads priests away stripped
and overthrows men long established.
20 He silences the lips of trusted advisers
and takes away the discernment of elders.
21 He pours contempt on nobles
and disarms the mighty.
22 He reveals the deep things of darkness
and brings deep shadows into the light.
23 He makes nations great, and destroys them;
he enlarges nations, and disperses them.
24 He deprives the leaders of the earth of their reason;
he sends them wandering through a trackless waste.
25 They grope in darkness with no light;
he makes them stagger like drunkards.

Job 12:1-25

Explanation:

12:1  Job answered Zophar's argument with great sarcasm:  Wisdom will die with you.  He went on to say that the three friends don't need to explain God to him--they were saying nothing he didn't already know.  Job continued to maintain that his friends had completely misunderstood the reason for his suffering.  Job did not know it either, but he was certain that his friend's reasons were both narrow-minded and incorrect.  Once again Job appealed to God to give him an answer.

12:24, 25   Job affirmed that no leader has any real wisdom apart from God.  No research or report can outweigh God's opinion.  No scientific discovery or medical advance takes him by surprise.  When we look for guidance for our decisions, we must recognize that God's wisdom is superior to any the world has to offer.  Don't let earthly advisers dampen your desire to know God better.

Job 13
1 "My eyes have seen all this,
my ears have heard and understood it.
2 What you know, I also know;
I am not inferior to you.
3 But I desire to speak to the Almighty
and to argue my case with God.
4 You, however, smear me with lies;
you are worthless physicians, all of you!
5 If only you would be altogether silent!
For you, that would be wisdom.
6 Hear now my argument;
listen to the plea of my lips.
7 Will you speak wickedly on God's behalf?
Will you speak deceitfully for him?
8 Will you show him partiality?
Will you argue the case for God?
9 Would it turn out well if he examined you?
Could you deceive him as you might deceive men?
10 He would surely rebuke you
if you secretly showed partiality.
11 Would not his splendor terrify you?
Would not the dread of him fall on you?
12 Your maxims are proverbs of ashes;
your defenses are defenses of clay.

13 "Keep silent and let me speak;
then let come to me what may.
14 Why do I put myself in jeopardy
and take my life in my hands?
15 Though he slay me, yet will I hope in him;
I will surely defend my ways to his face.
16 Indeed, this will turn out for my deliverance,
for no godless man would dare come before him!
17 Listen carefully to my words;
let your ears take in what I say.
18 Now that I have prepared my case,
I know I will be vindicated.
19 Can anyone bring charges against me?
If so, I will be silent and die.

20 "Only grant me these two things, O God,
and then I will not hide from you:
21 Withdraw your hand far from me,
and stop frightening me with your terrors.
22 Then summon me and I will answer,
or let me speak, and you reply.
23 How many wrongs and sins have I committed?
Show me my offense and my sin.
24 Why do you hide your face
and consider me your enemy?
25 Will you torment a windblown leaf?
Will you chase after dry chaff?
26 For you write down bitter things against me
and make me inherit the sins of my youth.
27 You fasten my feet in shackles;
you keep close watch on all my paths
by putting marks on the soles of my feet.

28 "So man wastes away like something rotten,
like a garment eaten by moths.

Job 13:1-28

Explanation:

12:4   Job compared his three friends to physicians who did not know what they were doing.  They were like eye surgeons trying to perform open-heart surgery.  Many of their ideas about God were true, but they did not apply to Job's situation.  They were right to say that God is just.  They were right to say that God punishes sin. But they were wrong to assume that Job's suffering was a just punishment for his sin.  They took a true principle and applied it wrongly, ignoring the vast differences in human circumstances.  We must be careful and compassionate in how we apply Biblical condemnations to others.  We must be slow to judge.

Job 14
1 "Man born of woman
is of few days and full of trouble.
2 He springs up like a flower and withers away;
like a fleeting shadow, he does not endure.
3 Do you fix your eye on such a one?
Will you bring him before you for judgment?
4 Who can bring what is pure from the impure?
No one!
5 Man's days are determined;
you have decreed the number of his months
and have set limits he cannot exceed.
6 So look away from him and let him alone,
till he has put in his time like a hired man.

7 "At least there is hope for a tree:
If it is cut down, it will sprout again,
and its new shoots will not fail.
8 Its roots may grow old in the ground
and its stump die in the soil,
9 yet at the scent of water it will bud
and put forth shoots like a plant.
10 But man dies and is laid low;
he breathes his last and is no more.
11 As water disappears from the sea
or a riverbed becomes parched and dry,
12 so man lies down and does not rise;
till the heavens are no more, men will not awake
or be roused from their sleep.

13 "If only you would hide me in the grave
and conceal me till your anger has passed!
If only you would set me a time
and then remember me!
14 If a man dies, will he live again?
All the days of my hard service
I will wait for my renewal to come.
15 You will call and I will answer you;
you will long for the creature your hands have made.
16 Surely then you will count my steps
but not keep track of my sin.
17 My offenses will be sealed up in a bag;
you will cover over my sin.

18 "But as a mountain erodes and crumbles
and as a rock is moved from its place,
19 as water wears away stones
and torrents wash away the soil,
so you destroy man's hope.
20 You overpower him once for all, and he is gone;
you change his countenance and send him away.
21 If his sons are honored, he does not know it;
if they are brought low, he does not see it.
22 He feels but the pain of his own body
and mourns only for himself."

Job 14:1-22

Explanation:

14:1   Life is brief and full of trouble, Job laments in his closing remarks.  Sickness, loneliness, disappointment, and death cause Job to say that life is not fair.  Some understand verses 14 and 15 to mean that, even in his gloom, Job hoped for the resurrection of the dead.  If this is true, then Job understood the one truth that could put his suffering in perspective.  God's solution to believers who live in an unfair world is to guarantee life with him forever.  No matter how unfair your present world seems, God offers the hope of being in his presence eternally.  Have you accepted this offer?

14:7-22   The Old Testament does not say much about the resurrection of the dead.  This is not surprising because Jesus had not yet conquered death.  Job's pessimism about death is understandable.  What is remarkable is his budding hope )14:14).  If only God would hide him with the dead and then bring him out again!  If only he could die and live again!  When we must endure suffering, we have an advantage over Job.  We know that the dead will rise.  Christ arose, and we have hope based on Christ's promise in John 14:19.

14:22    Job's profound speech in this chapter illustrates a great truth; to have a right set of doctrines is not enough.  To know what to believe is not all that is required to please God.  Truth untested by life's experiences may become static and stagnant.  Suffering can bring a dynamic quality to life.  Just as drought drives the roots of a tree deeper to find water, so suffering can drive us beyond superficial acceptance of truth to dependence on God for hope and life.

Job 15


Eliphaz

1 Then Eliphaz the Temanite replied:

2 "Would a wise man answer with empty notions
or fill his belly with the hot east wind?
3 Would he argue with useless words,
with speeches that have no value?
4 But you even undermine piety
and hinder devotion to God.
5 Your sin prompts your mouth;
you adopt the tongue of the crafty.
6 Your own mouth condemns you, not mine;
your own lips testify against you.

7 "Are you the first man ever born?
Were you brought forth before the hills?
8 Do you listen in on God's council?
Do you limit wisdom to yourself?
9 What do you know that we do not know?
What insights do you have that we do not have?
10 The gray-haired and the aged are on our side,
men even older than your father.
11 Are God's consolations not enough for you,
words spoken gently to you?
12 Why has your heart carried you away,
and why do your eyes flash,
13 so that you vent your rage against God
and pour out such words from your mouth?

14 "What is man, that he could be pure,
or one born of woman, that he could be righteous?
15 If God places no trust in his holy ones,
if even the heavens are not pure in his eyes,
16 how much less man, who is vile and corrupt,
who drinks up evil like water!

17 "Listen to me and I will explain to you;
let me tell you what I have seen,
18 what wise men have declared,
hiding nothing received from their fathers
19 (to whom alone the land was given
when no alien passed among them):
20 All his days the wicked man suffers torment,
the ruthless through all the years stored up for him.
21 Terrifying sounds fill his ears;
when all seems well, marauders attack him.
22 He despairs of escaping the darkness;
he is marked for the sword.
23 He wanders about-food for vultures ;
he knows the day of darkness is at hand.
24 Distress and anguish fill him with terror;
they overwhelm him, like a king poised to attack,
25 because he shakes his fist at God
and vaunts himself against the Almighty,
26 defiantly charging against him
with a thick, strong shield.

27 "Though his face is covered with fat
and his waist bulges with flesh,
28 he will inhabit ruined towns
and houses where no one lives,
houses crumbling to rubble.
29 He will no longer be rich and his wealth will not endure,
nor will his possessions spread over the land.
30 He will not escape the darkness;
a flame will wither his shoots,
and the breath of God's mouth will carry him away.
31 Let him not deceive himself by trusting what is worthless,
for he will get nothing in return.
32 Before his time he will be paid in full,
and his branches will not flourish.
33 He will be like a vine stripped of its unripe grapes,
like an olive tree shedding its blossoms.
34 For the company of the godless will be barren,
and fire will consume the tents of those who love bribes.
35 They conceive trouble and give birth to evil;
their womb fashions deceit."

Job 15:1-35

Explanation:

15:1   With the first round of talks concluded, each friend, in the same order, pressed the argument further.  Again Job answered each argument.  This time Eliphaz was more rude, more intense, and more threatening, but he said nothing new.  He began by saying that Job's words were empty and useless; then he restated his opinion that Job must be a great sinner.  According to Eliphaz, the experience and wisdom of their ancestors were more valuable than Job's individual thoughts.  Eliphaz assumed that his words were as true as God's.  It is easy to spot his arrogance.

15:15, 16   Even the heavens are not pure in his eyes.  Eliphaz was repeating his argument that anything created, whether angels or man, is not a sufficient basis for trust and hope.  Only in God can we be sure ( see the note on 4:18, 19).

Job 16


Job

1 Then Job replied:

2 "I have heard many things like these;
miserable comforters are you all!
3 Will your long-winded speeches never end?
What ails you that you keep on arguing?
4 I also could speak like you,
if you were in my place;
I could make fine speeches against you
and shake my head at you.
5 But my mouth would encourage you;
comfort from my lips would bring you relief.

6 "Yet if I speak, my pain is not relieved;
and if I refrain, it does not go away.
7 Surely, O God, you have worn me out;
you have devastated my entire household.
8 You have bound me-and it has become a witness;
my gauntness rises up and testifies against me.
9 God assails me and tears me in his anger
and gnashes his teeth at me;
my opponent fastens on me his piercing eyes.
10 Men open their mouths to jeer at me;
they strike my cheek in scorn
and unite together against me.
11 God has turned me over to evil men
and thrown me into the clutches of the wicked.
12 All was well with me, but he shattered me;
he seized me by the neck and crushed me.
He has made me his target;
13 his archers surround me.
Without pity, he pierces my kidneys
and spills my gall on the ground.
14 Again and again he bursts upon me;
he rushes at me like a warrior.

15 "I have sewed sackcloth over my skin
and buried my brow in the dust.
16 My face is red with weeping,
deep shadows ring my eyes;
17 yet my hands have been free of violence
and my prayer is pure.

18 "O earth, do not cover my blood;
may my cry never be laid to rest!
19 Even now my witness is in heaven;
my advocate is on high.
20 My intercessor is my friend
as my eyes pour out tears to God;
21 on behalf of a man he pleads with God
as a man pleads for his friend.

22 "Only a few years will pass
before I go on the journey of no return.

Job 16:1-22

Explanation:

16:1-5    Job's friends were supposed to be comforting him in his grief.  Instead they condemned him for causing his own suffering.  Job began his reply to Eliphaz by calling him and his friends miserable comforters.  Job's words reveal several ways to become a better comforter to those in pain: (1) don't talk just for the sake of talking; (2) don't sermonize by giving pat answers; (3) don't accuse or criticize; (4) put yourself in the other person's place; and (5) offer help and encouragement.  Try Job's suggestions, knowing that they are given by a person who needed great comfort.  The best comforters are those who know something about personal suffering.

16:19   Job was afraid that God had abandoned him.  Yet he appealed directly to God (his witness and advocate) and to God's knowledge of his innocence.  A witness is someone who has seen what has happened, and an advocate is like a lawyer who speaks on behalf of the plaintiff. By using these terms, Job showed he had cast all his hope for any fair defense upon God in heaven because he would probably die before it happened on earth.  In the New Testament we learn that Jesus Christ intercedes on our behalf (Hebrews 7:25; 1 John 2:1); therefore, we have nothing to fear.

Job 17
1 My spirit is broken,
my days are cut short,
the grave awaits me.
2 Surely mockers surround me;
my eyes must dwell on their hostility.

3 "Give me, O God, the pledge you demand.
Who else will put up security for me?
4 You have closed their minds to understanding;
therefore you will not let them triumph.
5 If a man denounces his friends for reward,
the eyes of his children will fail.

6 "God has made me a byword to everyone,
a man in whose face people spit.
7 My eyes have grown dim with grief;
my whole frame is but a shadow.
8 Upright men are appalled at this;
the innocent are aroused against the ungodly.
9 Nevertheless, the righteous will hold to their ways,
and those with clean hands will grow stronger.

10 "But come on, all of you, try again!
I will not find a wise man among you.
11 My days have passed, my plans are shattered,
and so are the desires of my heart.
12 These men turn night into day;
in the face of darkness they say, 'Light is near.'
13 If the only home I hope for is the grave,
if I spread out my bed in darkness,
14 if I say to corruption, 'You are my father,'
and to the worm, 'My mother' or 'My sister,'
15 where then is my hope?
Who can see any hope for me?
16 Will it go down to the gates of death ?
Will we descend together into the dust?"

Job 17:1-16

Explanation:

17:10    Job's three friends had a reputation for being wise, but Job could not find wisdom in any of them.  God backed up Job's claim when he condemned these men for their false portrayal of him.  Obviously these men had a faulty view of wisdom.  They assumed that because they were prosperous and successful, God must be pleased with the way they were living and thinking.  Job, however, told his friends that they were starting with the wrong idea because earthly success and prosperity are not proof of faith in God.  Likewise, trouble and affliction do not prove faithlessness.  The truly wise man knows that wisdom comes from God alone, not from human successes or failures.  And the truly wise man never forsakes God.  God's wisdom proved superior to Job and to all his friends.

17:15   Job was giving up hope of any future restoration of wealth and family and wrapping himself in thoughts of death and the rest from grief and pain it promised.  The rewards that Job's friends described were all related to this present life.  They were silent about the possibility of life after death.  We must not evaluate life only in terms of this present world because God promises a never-ending, wonderful future to those who are faithful to him.

Job 18


Bildad

1 Then Bildad the Shuhite replied:

2 "When will you end these speeches?
Be sensible, and then we can talk.
3 Why are we regarded as cattle
and considered stupid in your sight?
4 You who tear yourself to pieces in your anger,
is the earth to be abandoned for your sake?
Or must the rocks be moved from their place?

5 "The lamp of the wicked is snuffed out;
the flame of his fire stops burning.
6 The light in his tent becomes dark;
the lamp beside him goes out.
7 The vigor of his step is weakened;
his own schemes throw him down.
8 His feet thrust him into a net
and he wanders into its mesh.
9 A trap seizes him by the heel;
a snare holds him fast.
10 A noose is hidden for him on the ground;
a trap lies in his path.
11 Terrors startle him on every side
and dog his every step.
12 Calamity is hungry for him;
disaster is ready for him when he falls.
13 It eats away parts of his skin;
death's firstborn devours his limbs.
14 He is torn from the security of his tent
and marched off to the king of terrors.
15 Fire resides in his tent;
burning sulfur is scattered over his dwelling.
16 His roots dry up below
and his branches wither above.
17 The memory of him perishes from the earth;
he has no name in the land.
18 He is driven from light into darkness
and is banished from the world.
19 He has no offspring or descendants among his people,
no survivor where once he lived.
20 Men of the west are appalled at his fate;
men of the east are seized with horror.
21 Surely such is the dwelling of an evil man;
such is the place of one who knows not God."

Job 18:1-21

Explanation:

18:1....     Bildad thought he knew how the universe should be run, and he saw Job as an illustration of the consequences of sin.  Bildad rejected Job's side of the story because it did not fit in with his outlook on life.  It is easy to condemn Bildad because his errors are obvious; unfortunately, however, we often act the same way when our ideas are threatened.

18:14   The king if terrors is a figure of speech referring to death.  Bildad viewed death as a great devourer, but the Bible teaches that God has the power to devour even death (Psalm 49:15; Isaiah 25:8; 1 Corinthians 15:54-56).

Job 19


Job

1 Then Job replied:

2 "How long will you torment me
and crush me with words?
3 Ten times now you have reproached me;
shamelessly you attack me.
4 If it is true that I have gone astray,
my error remains my concern alone.
5 If indeed you would exalt yourselves above me
and use my humiliation against me,
6 then know that God has wronged me
and drawn his net around me.

7 "Though I cry, 'I've been wronged!' I get no response;
though I call for help, there is no justice.
8 He has blocked my way so I cannot pass;
he has shrouded my paths in darkness.
9 He has stripped me of my honor
and removed the crown from my head.
10 He tears me down on every side till I am gone;
he uproots my hope like a tree.
11 His anger burns against me;
he counts me among his enemies.
12 His troops advance in force;
they build a siege ramp against me
and encamp around my tent.

13 "He has alienated my brothers from me;
my acquaintances are completely estranged from me.
14 My kinsmen have gone away;
my friends have forgotten me.
15 My guests and my maidservants count me a stranger;
they look upon me as an alien.
16 I summon my servant, but he does not answer,
though I beg him with my own mouth.
17 My breath is offensive to my wife;
I am loathsome to my own brothers.
18 Even the little boys scorn me;
when I appear, they ridicule me.
19 All my intimate friends detest me;
those I love have turned against me.
20 I am nothing but skin and bones;
I have escaped with only the skin of my teeth.

21 "Have pity on me, my friends, have pity,
for the hand of God has struck me.
22 Why do you pursue me as God does?
Will you never get enough of my flesh?

23 "Oh, that my words were recorded,
that they were written on a scroll,
24 that they were inscribed with an iron tool on lead,
or engraved in rock forever!
25 I know that my Redeemer lives,
and that in the end he will stand upon the earth.
26 And after my skin has been destroyed,
yet in my flesh I will see God;
27 I myself will see him
with my own eyes-I, and not another.
How my heart yearns within me!

28 "If you say, 'How we will hound him,
since the root of the trouble lies in him, '
29 you should fear the sword yourselves;
for wrath will bring punishment by the sword,
and then you will know that there is judgment. "

Job 19:1-29

Explanation:

19:3-5    It is easy to point out someone else's faults or sins.   Job's friends accused him of sin to make him feel guilty, not to encourage or correct him.  If we feel we must admonish someone, we should be sure we are confronting that person because we love him, not because we are annoyed, inconvenienced, or seeking to blame him.

19:6   Job felt that God was treating him as an enemy when in fact, God was his friend and thought highly of him.  In his difficulty, Job pointed at the wrong person.  It was Satan, not God, who was Job's enemy. Because they stressed ultimate causes, most Israelites believed that both good and evil came from God.  They also thought people were responsible for their own destinies.  But the evil power loose in this world accounts for much of the suffering we experience.  In verse 7 Job continued to cry out to be heard by God.

19:25-27   At the heart of the book of Job comes his ringing affirmation of confidence: I know that my Redeemer lives.  In ancient Israel, a redeemer was a family member who bought a slave's way to freedom or who took care of a widow.  What tremendous faith Job had, especially in light of the fact that he was unaware of the conference between God and Satan.  Job thought that God had brought all these disasters upon him!  Faced with death and decay, Job still expected to see God--and he expected to do so in his body.  When the book of Job was written, Israel did not have a well-developed doctrine of the resurrection.  Although Job struggled with the idea that God was presently against him, he firmly believed that in the end God would be on his side.  This belief was so strong that Job became one of the first to talk about the resurrection of the body (see also Psalm 16:10;  Isaiah 26:19;  Daniel 12:2, 13).

19:26   Job said: In my flesh I will see God.   In Job's situation, it seemed unlikely to him that he would, in his flesh, see God.  And that's just the point of Job's faith!  He was confident that God's justice would triumph, even if it would take a miracle like resurrection to accomplish this.

Job 20


Zophar

1 Then Zophar the Naamathite replied:

2 "My troubled thoughts prompt me to answer
because I am greatly disturbed.
3 I hear a rebuke that dishonors me,
and my understanding inspires me to reply.

4 "Surely you know how it has been from of old,
ever since man was placed on the earth,
5 that the mirth of the wicked is brief,
the joy of the godless lasts but a moment.
6 Though his pride reaches to the heavens
and his head touches the clouds,
7 he will perish forever, like his own dung;
those who have seen him will say, 'Where is he?'
8 Like a dream he flies away, no more to be found,
banished like a vision of the night.
9 The eye that saw him will not see him again;
his place will look on him no more.
10 His children must make amends to the poor;
his own hands must give back his wealth.
11 The youthful vigor that fills his bones
will lie with him in the dust.

12 "Though evil is sweet in his mouth
and he hides it under his tongue,
13 though he cannot bear to let it go
and keeps it in his mouth,
14 yet his food will turn sour in his stomach;
it will become the venom of serpents within him.
15 He will spit out the riches he swallowed;
God will make his stomach vomit them up.
16 He will suck the poison of serpents;
the fangs of an adder will kill him.
17 He will not enjoy the streams,
the rivers flowing with honey and cream.
18 What he toiled for he must give back uneaten;
he will not enjoy the profit from his trading.
19 For he has oppressed the poor and left them destitute;
he has seized houses he did not build.

20 "Surely he will have no respite from his craving;
he cannot save himself by his treasure.
21 Nothing is left for him to devour;
his prosperity will not endure.
22 In the midst of his plenty, distress will overtake him;
the full force of misery will come upon him.
23 When he has filled his belly,
God will vent his burning anger against him
and rain down his blows upon him.
24 Though he flees from an iron weapon,
a bronze-tipped arrow pierces him.
25 He pulls it out of his back,
the gleaming point out of his liver.
Terrors will come over him;
26 total darkness lies in wait for his treasures.
A fire unfanned will consume him
and devour what is left in his tent.
27 The heavens will expose his guilt;
the earth will rise up against him.
28 A flood will carry off his house,
rushing waters on the day of God's wrath.
29 Such is the fate God allots the wicked,
the heritage appointed for them by God."

Job 20:1-29

Explanation:

20:1   Zophar's speech again revealed his false assumption because he based his arguments purely on the idea that Job was an evil hypocrite.  Zophar said that although Job had it good for a while, he didn't live righteously, so God took his wealth from him.  According to Zophar, Job's calamities proved his wickedness.

20:6, 7   Although Zophar was wrong in directing his tirade against Job, he was correct in talking about the final end of evil people.  At first, sin seems enjoyable and attractive.  Lying, stealing, or oppressing others often brings temporary gain to those who practice these sins.  Some live a long time with ill-gotten gain.  But in the end God's justice will prevail.  What Zophar missed is that judgment for these sins may be deferred until the last judgment, when sinners will be eternally cut off from God.  We should not be impressed with the success and power of evil people.  God's judgment on them is certain.

Job 21


Job

1 Then Job replied:

2 "Listen carefully to my words;
let this be the consolation you give me.
3 Bear with me while I speak,
and after I have spoken, mock on.

4 "Is my complaint directed to man?
Why should I not be impatient?
5 Look at me and be astonished;
clap your hand over your mouth.
6 When I think about this, I am terrified;
trembling seizes my body.
7 Why do the wicked live on,
growing old and increasing in power?
8 They see their children established around them,
their offspring before their eyes.
9 Their homes are safe and free from fear;
the rod of God is not upon them.
10 Their bulls never fail to breed;
their cows calve and do not miscarry.
11 They send forth their children as a flock;
their little ones dance about.
12 They sing to the music of tambourine and harp;
they make merry to the sound of the flute.
13 They spend their years in prosperity
and go down to the grave in peace.
14 Yet they say to God, 'Leave us alone!
We have no desire to know your ways.
15 Who is the Almighty, that we should serve him?
What would we gain by praying to him?'
16 But their prosperity is not in their own hands,
so I stand aloof from the counsel of the wicked.

17 "Yet how often is the lamp of the wicked snuffed out?
How often does calamity come upon them,
the fate God allots in his anger?
18 How often are they like straw before the wind,
like chaff swept away by a gale?
19 It is said, 'God stores up a man's punishment for his sons.'
Let him repay the man himself, so that he will know it!
20 Let his own eyes see his destruction;
let him drink of the wrath of the Almighty.
21 For what does he care about the family he leaves behind
when his allotted months come to an end?

22 "Can anyone teach knowledge to God,
since he judges even the highest?
23 One man dies in full vigor,
completely secure and at ease,
24 his body well nourished,
his bones rich with marrow.
25 Another man dies in bitterness of soul,
never having enjoyed anything good.
26 Side by side they lie in the dust,
and worms cover them both.

27 "I know full well what you are thinking,
the schemes by which you would wrong me.
28 You say, 'Where now is the great man's house,
the tents where wicked men lived?'
29 Have you never questioned those who travel?
Have you paid no regard to their accounts-
30 that the evil man is spared from the day of calamity,
that he is delivered from the day of wrath?
31 Who denounces his conduct to his face?
Who repays him for what he has done?
32 He is carried to the grave,
and watch is kept over his tomb.
33 The soil in the valley is sweet to him;
all men follow after him,
and a countless throng goes before him.

34 "So how can you console me with your nonsense?
Nothing is left of your answers but falsehood!"

Job 21:1-34

Explanation:

21:1......         Job refuted Zophar's idea that evil people never experience wealth and happiness, pointing out that in the real world the wicked do indeed prosper.  God does as he wills to individuals (21:22-25) and people cannot use their circumstances to measure their own goodness or God's--they are sometimes (but not always) related.  Success to Job's friends was based on outward performance; success to God, however, is based on a person's heart.

21:22   Although baffled by the reasons for his suffering, Job affirmed God's superior understanding by asking, Can anyone teach knowledge to God?  The way you respond to your personal struggles shows your attitude toward God.  Rather than becoming angry with God, continue to trust him, no matter what your circumstances may be.  Although it is sometimes difficult to see, God is in control.  We must commit ourselves to him so we will not resent his timing.

21:29-33   If wicked people become wealthy despite their sin, why should we try to be good?  The wicked may seem to get away with sin, but there is a higher Judge and a future judgment (Revelation 20:11-15).  The final settlement of justice will come not in this life, but in the next.  What is important is how a person views God in prosperity or poverty, not the prosperity or poverty itself.

Job 22


Eliphaz

1 Then Eliphaz the Temanite replied:

2 "Can a man be of benefit to God?
Can even a wise man benefit him?
3 What pleasure would it give the Almighty if you were righteous?
What would he gain if your ways were blameless?

4 "Is it for your piety that he rebukes you
and brings charges against you?
5 Is not your wickedness great?
Are not your sins endless?
6 You demanded security from your brothers for no reason;
you stripped men of their clothing, leaving them naked.
7 You gave no water to the weary
and you withheld food from the hungry,
8 though you were a powerful man, owning land-
an honored man, living on it.
9 And you sent widows away empty-handed
and broke the strength of the fatherless.
10 That is why snares are all around you,
why sudden peril terrifies you,
11 why it is so dark you cannot see,
and why a flood of water covers you.

12 "Is not God in the heights of heaven?
And see how lofty are the highest stars!
13 Yet you say, 'What does God know?
Does he judge through such darkness?
14 Thick clouds veil him, so he does not see us
as he goes about in the vaulted heavens.'
15 Will you keep to the old path
that evil men have trod?
16 They were carried off before their time,
their foundations washed away by a flood.
17 They said to God, 'Leave us alone!
What can the Almighty do to us?'
18 Yet it was he who filled their houses with good things,
so I stand aloof from the counsel of the wicked.

19 "The righteous see their ruin and rejoice;
the innocent mock them, saying,
20 'Surely our foes are destroyed,
and fire devours their wealth.'

21 "Submit to God and be at peace with him;
in this way prosperity will come to you.
22 Accept instruction from his mouth
and lay up his words in your heart.
23 If you return to the Almighty, you will be restored:
If you remove wickedness far from your tent
24 and assign your nuggets to the dust,
your gold of Ophir to the rocks in the ravines,
25 then the Almighty will be your gold,
the choicest silver for you.
26 Surely then you will find delight in the Almighty
and will lift up your face to God.
27 You will pray to him, and he will hear you,
and you will fulfill your vows.
28 What you decide on will be done,
and light will shine on your ways.
29 When men are brought low and you say, 'Lift them up!'
then he will save the downcast.
30 He will deliver even one who is not innocent,
who will be delivered through the cleanness of your hands."

Job 22:1-30

Explanation:

22:1.....   This is Eliphaz's third and final speech to Job.  When he first spoke to Job (chapters 4, 5), he commended Job's good deeds and greatly suggested that Job might need to repent of some sin.  While he said nothing new in this speech, he did get more specific.  He couldn't shake his belief that suffering is God's punishment for evil deeds, so he suggested several possible sins that Job might have committed.  Eliphaz wasn't trying to destroy Job; at the end of his speech he promised that Job would receive peace and restoration if he would admit his sin and repent.

22:12-14   Eliphaz declared that Job's view of God was too small, and he criticized Job for thinking that God was too far removed from earth to care about him.  If Job knew of God's intense, personal interest in him, Eliphaz said, he wouldn't dare take his sins so lightly.  Eliphaz had a point--some people do take sin lightly because they think God is far away and doesn't notice all we do.  But his point did not apply to Job.

22:21-30   Several times Job's friends showed a partial knowledge of God's truth and character, but they had trouble accurately applying his truth to life.  Such was the case with Eliphaz, who gave a beautiful summary of repentance.  He was correct in saying that we must ask for God's forgiveness when we sin, but his statement did not apply to Job, who had already sought God's forgiveness (7:20, 21; 9:20; 13:23) and had lived closely in touch with God all along.

Job 23


Job

1 Then Job replied:

2 "Even today my complaint is bitter;
his hand is heavy in spite of my groaning.
3 If only I knew where to find him;
if only I could go to his dwelling!
4 I would state my case before him
and fill my mouth with arguments.
5 I would find out what he would answer me,
and consider what he would say.
6 Would he oppose me with great power?
No, he would not press charges against me.
7 There an upright man could present his case before him,
and I would be delivered forever from my judge.

8 "But if I go to the east, he is not there;
if I go to the west, I do not find him.
9 When he is at work in the north, I do not see him;
when he turns to the south, I catch no glimpse of him.
10 But he knows the way that I take;
when he has tested me, I will come forth as gold.
11 My feet have closely followed his steps;
I have kept to his way without turning aside.
12 I have not departed from the commands of his lips;
I have treasured the words of his mouth more than my daily bread.

13 "But he stands alone, and who can oppose him?
He does whatever he pleases.
14 He carries out his decree against me,
and many such plans he still has in store.
15 That is why I am terrified before him;
when I think of all this, I fear him.
16 God has made my heart faint;
the Almighty has terrified me.
17 Yet I am not silenced by the darkness,
by the thick darkness that covers my face.

Job 23:1-17

Explanation:

23:1-24:25  Job continued his questioning, saying that his suffering would be more bearable if only he knew why it was happening.  If there was sin for which he could repent, he would!  He knew about the wicked and the fact that they would be punished;  he knew God would vindicate him if he so chose.  In all his examples of the wicked in the world, his overriding desire was for God to clear his name, prove his righteousness, and explain why he was chosen to receive all this calamity.  Job tried to make his friends see that questions about God, life, and justice are not as simple as they assumed.

23:10   In chapter 22, Eliphaz had tried to condemn Job by identifying some secret sin which he may have committed.  Here Job declares his confidence in his integrity and God's justice.  We are always likely to have hidden sin in our lives; sin we don't even know about because God's standards are so high and our performance is so imperfect.  If we are true believers, however, all our sins are forgiven because of what Christ did on the cross in our behalf (Romans 5:1; 8:1).  The Bible also teaches that even if our hearts condemn us, God is greater than our hearts (1 John 3:20).  His forgiveness and cleansing are sufficient; they overrule our nagging doubts.  The Holy Spirit in us is our proof that we are forgiven in God's eyes even though we may feel guilty.  If we, like Job are truly seeking God, we can stand up to others' accusations as well as our own nagging doubts.  If God has forgiven and accepted us, we are forgiven indeed.

Job 24
1 "Why does the Almighty not set times for judgment?
Why must those who know him look in vain for such days?
2 Men move boundary stones;
they pasture flocks they have stolen.
3 They drive away the orphan's donkey
and take the widow's ox in pledge.
4 They thrust the needy from the path
and force all the poor of the land into hiding.
5 Like wild donkeys in the desert,
the poor go about their labor of foraging food;
the wasteland provides food for their children.
6 They gather fodder in the fields
and glean in the vineyards of the wicked.
7 Lacking clothes, they spend the night naked;
they have nothing to cover themselves in the cold.
8 They are drenched by mountain rains
and hug the rocks for lack of shelter.
9 The fatherless child is snatched from the breast;
the infant of the poor is seized for a debt.
10 Lacking clothes, they go about naked;
they carry the sheaves, but still go hungry.
11 They crush olives among the terraces ;
they tread the winepresses, yet suffer thirst.
12 The groans of the dying rise from the city,
and the souls of the wounded cry out for help.
But God charges no one with wrongdoing.

13 "There are those who rebel against the light,
who do not know its ways
or stay in its paths.
14 When daylight is gone, the murderer rises up
and kills the poor and needy;
in the night he steals forth like a thief.
15 The eye of the adulterer watches for dusk;
he thinks, 'No eye will see me,'
and he keeps his face concealed.
16 In the dark, men break into houses,
but by day they shut themselves in;
they want nothing to do with the light.
17 For all of them, deep darkness is their morning ;
they make friends with the terrors of darkness.

18 "Yet they are foam on the surface of the water;
their portion of the land is cursed,
so that no one goes to the vineyards.
19 As heat and drought snatch away the melted snow,
so the grave snatches away those who have sinned.
20 The womb forgets them,
the worm feasts on them;
evil men are no longer remembered
but are broken like a tree.
21 They prey on the barren and childless woman,
and to the widow show no kindness.
22 But God drags away the mighty by his power;
though they become established, they have no assurance of life.
23 He may let them rest in a feeling of security,
but his eyes are on their ways.
24 For a little while they are exalted, and then they are gone;
they are brought low and gathered up like all others;
they are cut off like heads of grain.

25 "If this is not so, who can prove me false
and reduce my words to nothing?"

Job 24:1-25

Explanation:

24:18-21   Job suddenly seemed to be arguing on his friend's side.  For this reason, some commentators think one of Job's friends said these words.  But we shouldn't expect Job to present a united argument.  He was confused.  He was not arguing that, in every case, God rewards the wicked and punishes the righteous; he was simply asserting that in his case, a righteous man was suffering.

Job 25


Bildad

1 Then Bildad the Shuhite replied:

2 "Dominion and awe belong to God;
he establishes order in the heights of heaven.
3 Can his forces be numbered?
Upon whom does his light not rise?
4 How then can a man be righteous before God?
How can one born of woman be pure?
5 If even the moon is not bright
and the stars are not pure in his eyes,
6 how much less man, who is but a maggot-
a son of man, who is only a worm!"

Job 25:1-6

Explanation:

25:1......  Bildad's final reply was weak.  It ignored Job's examples of the prosperity of the wicked.  Instead of attempting to refute Job, Bildad accused Job of pride because he was claiming that his suffering was not the result of sin.  Job never claimed to be without sin, but only that his sin could not have caused his present trouble.

25:6    It is important to understand that Bildad, not God, was calling man a worm.  Human beings are created in God's image (Genesis 1:26, 27).  Psalm 8:5 says that man is a little lower than the heavenly beings.  Bildad may have simply been using a poetic description to contrast our worth to the worth and power of God.  To come to God, we need not crawl like worms.  We can approach him boldly in faith (Hebrews 4:16).

Job 26


Job

1 Then Job replied:

2 "How you have helped the powerless!
How you have saved the arm that is feeble!
3 What advice you have offered to one without wisdom!
And what great insight you have displayed!
4 Who has helped you utter these words?
And whose spirit spoke from your mouth?

5 "The dead are in deep anguish,
those beneath the waters and all that live in them.
6 Death is naked before God;
Destruction lies uncovered.
7 He spreads out the northern skies over empty space;
he suspends the earth over nothing.
8 He wraps up the waters in his clouds,
yet the clouds do not burst under their weight.
9 He covers the face of the full moon,
spreading his clouds over it.
10 He marks out the horizon on the face of the waters
for a boundary between light and darkness.
11 The pillars of the heavens quake,
aghast at his rebuke.
12 By his power he churned up the sea;
by his wisdom he cut Rahab to pieces.
13 By his breath the skies became fair;
his hand pierced the gliding serpent.
14 And these are but the outer fringe of his works;
how faint the whisper we hear of him!
Who then can understand the thunder of his power?"

Job 26:1-14

Explanation:

26:1......    Job has the distinction of giving the longest speech in the book-six chapters-weaving together pictures of God's mystery and power in a beautiful poem of trust.  Beginning by brushing off Bildad's latest reply as irrelevant (chapter 25), Job then told Bildad and his friends that they could not possibly know everything about God.  Wisdom does not originate from this life or from the human mind-it comes from God.  Job then defended his upright and honest life.  He had effectively sought to follow God's way of living.  While admitting that he was not perfect, Job maintained that his motives were right.

26:2-4   With great sarcasm, Job attacked Bildad's comments.  Their theological explanations failed to bring any relief because they were unable to turn their knowledge into helpful counsel.  When dealing with people, it is more important to live and understand them than to analyze them of give advice.  Compassion produces greater results than criticism or blame.

Job 27
1 And Job continued his discourse:

2 "As surely as God lives, who has denied me justice,
the Almighty, who has made me taste bitterness of soul,
3 as long as I have life within me,
the breath of God in my nostrils,
4 my lips will not speak wickedness,
and my tongue will utter no deceit.
5 I will never admit you are in the right;
till I die, I will not deny my integrity.
6 I will maintain my righteousness and never let go of it;
my conscience will not reproach me as long as I live.

7 "May my enemies be like the wicked,
my adversaries like the unjust!
8 For what hope has the godless when he is cut off,
when God takes away his life?
9 Does God listen to his cry
when distress comes upon him?
10 Will he find delight in the Almighty?
Will he call upon God at all times?

11 "I will teach you about the power of God;
the ways of the Almighty I will not conceal.
12 You have all seen this yourselves.
Why then this meaningless talk?

13 "Here is the fate God allots to the wicked,
the heritage a ruthless man receives from the Almighty:
14 However many his children, their fate is the sword;
his offspring will never have enough to eat.
15 The plague will bury those who survive him,
and their widows will not weep for them.
16 Though he heaps up silver like dust
and clothes like piles of clay,
17 what he lays up the righteous will wear,
and the innocent will divide his silver.
18 The house he builds is like a moth's cocoon,
like a hut made by a watchman.
19 He lies down wealthy, but will do so no more;
when he opens his eyes, all is gone.
20 Terrors overtake him like a flood;
a tempest snatches him away in the night.
21 The east wind carries him off, and he is gone;
it sweeps him out of his place.
22 It hurls itself against him without mercy
as he flees headlong from its power.
23 It claps its hands in derision
and hisses him out of his place.

Job 27:1-23

Explanation:

27:6  In the midst of all the accusations, Job was able to declare that his conscience was clear.  Only God's forgiveness and the determination to live rightly before God can bring a clear conscience.  How important Job's record became as he was being accused.  Like Job, we can't claim sinless lives, but we can claim forgiven lives.  When we confess our sins to God, he forgives us.  Then we can live with clear consciences (1 John 1:9).

27:13-23  Job agreed with his friends that the end of the wicked will be disaster, but he did not agree that he was wicked and deserving of punishment.  Most of the punishments Job listed never happened to him.  So he wasn't including himself as one of the wicked.  On the contrary, he continually pleaded for God to vindicate him.

Job 28
1 "There is a mine for silver
and a place where gold is refined.
2 Iron is taken from the earth,
and copper is smelted from ore.
3 Man puts an end to the darkness;
he searches the farthest recesses
for ore in the blackest darkness.
4 Far from where people dwell he cuts a shaft,
in places forgotten by the foot of man;
far from men he dangles and sways.
5 The earth, from which food comes,
is transformed below as by fire;
6 sapphires come from its rocks,
and its dust contains nuggets of gold.
7 No bird of prey knows that hidden path,
no falcon's eye has seen it.
8 Proud beasts do not set foot on it,
and no lion prowls there.
9 Man's hand assaults the flinty rock
and lays bare the roots of the mountains.
10 He tunnels through the rock;
his eyes see all its treasures.
11 He searches the sources of the rivers
and brings hidden things to light.

12 "But where can wisdom be found?
Where does understanding dwell?
13 Man does not comprehend its worth;
it cannot be found in the land of the living.
14 The deep says, 'It is not in me';
the sea says, 'It is not with me.'
15 It cannot be bought with the finest gold,
nor can its price be weighed in silver.
16 It cannot be bought with the gold of Ophir,
with precious onyx or sapphires.
17 Neither gold nor crystal can compare with it,
nor can it be had for jewels of gold.
18 Coral and jasper are not worthy of mention;
the price of wisdom is beyond rubies.
19 The topaz of Cush cannot compare with it;
it cannot be bought with pure gold.

20 "Where then does wisdom come from?
Where does understanding dwell?
21 It is hidden from the eyes of every living thing,
concealed even from the birds of the air.
22 Destruction and Death say,
'Only a rumor of it has reached our ears.'
23 God understands the way to it
and he alone knows where it dwells,
24 for he views the ends of the earth
and sees everything under the heavens.
25 When he established the force of the wind
and measured out the waters,
26 when he made a decree for the rain
and a path for the thunderstorm,
27 then he looked at wisdom and appraised it;
he confirmed it and tested it.
28 And he said to man,
'The fear of the Lord-that is wisdom,
and to shun evil is understanding.' "

Job 28:1-28

Explanation:

28:13   Job stated that wisdom cannot be found among the living.  It is natural for people who do not understand the importance of God's Word to seek wisdom here on earth.  They look to philosophers and other leaders to give them directions for living.  Yet Job said that wisdom is not found there.  No leaders can produce enough knowledge or insight to explain the totality of human experience.  The ultimate interpretation of life, of who we are and where we are going, must come from outside and above our mortal life.  When looking for guidance, seek God's wisdom as revealed in the Bible.  To be lifted above and beyond the boundaries of life, we must know and trust the Lord of life.

28:16    Gold of Ophir was considered the finest gold available.  Ophir may have been located in Africa, along the Arabian coast, or in India.  Wherever it was, it was a good distance from Israel, for it took Solomon's ships three years to make the voyage (1 Kings 9:28; 10:22).

28:28   The fear of the Lord  is a key theme in the wisdom literature of the Bible (Job through Song of Songs).  It means to have respect and reverence for God and to be in awe of his majesty and power.  This is the starting point to finding real wisdom (see Proverbs 1:7-9).

Job 29
1 Job continued his discourse:

2 "How I long for the months gone by,
for the days when God watched over me,
3 when his lamp shone upon my head
and by his light I walked through darkness!
4 Oh, for the days when I was in my prime,
when God's intimate friendship blessed my house,
5 when the Almighty was still with me
and my children were around me,
6 when my path was drenched with cream
and the rock poured out for me streams of olive oil.

7 "When I went to the gate of the city
and took my seat in the public square,
8 the young men saw me and stepped aside
and the old men rose to their feet;
9 the chief men refrained from speaking
and covered their mouths with their hands;
10 the voices of the nobles were hushed,
and their tongues stuck to the roof of their mouths.
11 Whoever heard me spoke well of me,
and those who saw me commended me,
12 because I rescued the poor who cried for help,
and the fatherless who had none to assist him.
13 The man who was dying blessed me;
I made the widow's heart sing.
14 I put on righteousness as my clothing;
justice was my robe and my turban.
15 I was eyes to the blind
and feet to the lame.
16 I was a father to the needy;
I took up the case of the stranger.
17 I broke the fangs of the wicked
and snatched the victims from their teeth.

18 "I thought, 'I will die in my own house,
my days as numerous as the grains of sand.
19 My roots will reach to the water,
and the dew will lie all night on my branches.
20 My glory will remain fresh in me,
the bow ever new in my hand.'

21 "Men listened to me expectantly,
waiting in silence for my counsel.
22 After I had spoken, they spoke no more;
my words fell gently on their ears.
23 They waited for me as for showers
and drank in my words as the spring rain.
24 When I smiled at them, they scarcely believed it;
the light of my face was precious to them.
25 I chose the way for them and sat as their chief;
I dwelt as a king among his troops;
I was like one who comforts mourners.

Job 29:1-25

Explanation:

29:6     Cream and olive oil were symbols of material prosperity in an agricultural society.  Job's flocks and olive trees were so plentiful that everything seemed to overflow.

29:7.......   Job was walking a fine line between bragging about past accomplishments and recalling good deeds in order to answer the charges made against him.  Job's one weakness throughout his conversations is that he came dangerously close to pride.  Pride is especially deceptive when we are doing right.  But it separates us from God by making us think we're better than we really are.  Then comes the tendency to trust our own opinions, which leads to other kinds of sin.  While it is not wrong to recount past deeds, it is far better to recount God's blessings to us.  This will help keep us from inadvertently falling into pride.

29:7-17     Because of this description of Job's work, many commentators believe that Job was a judge.  In Job's day, a judge served as both a city councilman and a magistrate, helping to manage the community and settle disputes.  In most cases, this was not a full-time position but a part time post held on the basis of one's respect and standing in the area.

Job 30
1 "But now they mock me,
men younger than I,
whose fathers I would have disdained
to put with my sheep dogs.
2 Of what use was the strength of their hands to me,
since their vigor had gone from them?
3 Haggard from want and hunger,
they roamed the parched land
in desolate wastelands at night.
4 In the brush they gathered salt herbs,
and their food was the root of the broom tree.
5 They were banished from their fellow men,
shouted at as if they were thieves.
6 They were forced to live in the dry stream beds,
among the rocks and in holes in the ground.
7 They brayed among the bushes
and huddled in the undergrowth.
8 A base and nameless brood,
they were driven out of the land.

9 "And now their sons mock me in song;
I have become a byword among them.
10 They detest me and keep their distance;
they do not hesitate to spit in my face.
11 Now that God has unstrung my bow and afflicted me,
they throw off restraint in my presence.
12 On my right the tribe attacks;
they lay snares for my feet,
they build their siege ramps against me.
13 They break up my road;
they succeed in destroying me-
without anyone's helping them.
14 They advance as through a gaping breach;
amid the ruins they come rolling in.
15 Terrors overwhelm me;
my dignity is driven away as by the wind,
my safety vanishes like a cloud.

16 "And now my life ebbs away;
days of suffering grip me.
17 Night pierces my bones;
my gnawing pains never rest.
18 In his great power God becomes like clothing to me ;
he binds me like the neck of my garment.
19 He throws me into the mud,
and I am reduced to dust and ashes.

20 "I cry out to you, O God, but you do not answer;
I stand up, but you merely look at me.
21 You turn on me ruthlessly;
with the might of your hand you attack me.
22 You snatch me up and drive me before the wind;
you toss me about in the storm.
23 I know you will bring me down to death,
to the place appointed for all the living.

24 "Surely no one lays a hand on a broken man
when he cries for help in his distress.
25 Have I not wept for those in trouble?
Has not my soul grieved for the poor?
26 Yet when I hoped for good, evil came;
when I looked for light, then came darkness.
27 The churning inside me never stops;
days of suffering confront me.
28 I go about blackened, but not by the sun;
I stand up in the assembly and cry for help.
29 I have become a brother of jackals,
a companion of owls.
30 My skin grows black and peels;
my body burns with fever.
31 My harp is tuned to mourning,
and my flute to the sound of wailing.

Job 30:1-31

Explanation:

30:1......   To suffer extreme loss, as Job did, was humiliating.  But to face abuse at the hands of young upstarts added insult to injury.  Job had lost his family, possessions, health, position, and good name.  He was not even respected for suffering bravely.  Unfortunately, young people sometimes mock and take advantage of older people and those who are limited in some way.  Instead, they should realize that their own physical abilities and attributes are short-lived and that God loves all people equally.

Job 31
1 "I made a covenant with my eyes
not to look lustfully at a girl.
2 For what is man's lot from God above,
his heritage from the Almighty on high?
3 Is it not ruin for the wicked,
disaster for those who do wrong?
4 Does he not see my ways
and count my every step?

5 "If I have walked in falsehood
or my foot has hurried after deceit-
6 let God weigh me in honest scales
and he will know that I am blameless-
7 if my steps have turned from the path,
if my heart has been led by my eyes,
or if my hands have been defiled,
8 then may others eat what I have sown,
and may my crops be uprooted.

9 "If my heart has been enticed by a woman,
or if I have lurked at my neighbor's door,
10 then may my wife grind another man's grain,
and may other men sleep with her.
11 For that would have been shameful,
a sin to be judged.
12 It is a fire that burns to Destruction ;
it would have uprooted my harvest.

13 "If I have denied justice to my menservants and maidservants
when they had a grievance against me,
14 what will I do when God confronts me?
What will I answer when called to account?
15 Did not he who made me in the womb make them?
Did not the same one form us both within our mothers?

16 "If I have denied the desires of the poor
or let the eyes of the widow grow weary,
17 if I have kept my bread to myself,
not sharing it with the fatherless-
18 but from my youth I reared him as would a father,
and from my birth I guided the widow-
19 if I have seen anyone perishing for lack of clothing,
or a needy man without a garment,
20 and his heart did not bless me
for warming him with the fleece from my sheep,
21 if I have raised my hand against the fatherless,
knowing that I had influence in court,
22 then let my arm fall from the shoulder,
let it be broken off at the joint.
23 For I dreaded destruction from God,
and for fear of his splendor I could not do such things.

24 "If I have put my trust in gold
or said to pure gold, 'You are my security,'
25 if I have rejoiced over my great wealth,
the fortune my hands had gained,
26 if I have regarded the sun in its radiance
or the moon moving in splendor,
27 so that my heart was secretly enticed
and my hand offered them a kiss of homage,
28 then these also would be sins to be judged,
for I would have been unfaithful to God on high.

29 "If I have rejoiced at my enemy's misfortune
or gloated over the trouble that came to him-
30 I have not allowed my mouth to sin
by invoking a curse against his life-
31 if the men of my household have never said,
'Who has not had his fill of Job's meat?'-
32 but no stranger had to spend the night in the street,
for my door was always open to the traveler-
33 if I have concealed my sin as men do,
by hiding my guilt in my heart
34 because I so feared the crowd
and so dreaded the contempt of the clans
that I kept silent and would not go outside

35 ("Oh, that I had someone to hear me!
I sign now my defense-let the Almighty answer me;
let my accuser put his indictment in writing.
36 Surely I would wear it on my shoulder,
I would put it on like a crown.
37 I would give him an account of my every step;
like a prince I would approach him.)-

38 "if my land cries out against me
and all its furrows are wet with tears,
39 if I have devoured its yield without payment
or broken the spirit of its tenants,
40 then let briers come up instead of wheat
and weeds instead of barley."

The words of Job are ended.

Job 31:1-40

Explanation:

31:1-4    Job had not only avoided committing the great sin of adultery; he had not even taken the first step toward that sin by looking at a woman with lust.  Job said he was innocent of both outward and inward sins.  In chapter 29, Job reviewed his good deeds.  Here in chapter 31 he listed sins he had not committed--in his heart (31:1-12), against his neighbors (31:13-23), or against God (31:24-34).

31:24-28   Job affirmed that depending of wealth for happiness is idolatry and denies the God of heaven.  We excuse our society's obsession with money and possessions as a necessary evil or the way it works in the modern world.  But every society in every age has valued the power and prestige that money brings.  True believers must purge themselves of the deep-seated desire for more power, prestige, and possessions.  They must also not withhold their resources from neighbors near and far who have desperate physical needs.

31:33, 34   Job declared that he did not try to hide his sin as men often do.  The fear that our sin will be discovered leads us to patterns of deception.  We cover up with lies so that we will appear good to others.  But we cannot hide from God.  Do you try to keep people from seeing the real you?  When you acknowledge your sin, you free yourself to receive forgiveness and a new life.

Job 32


Elihu

1 So these three men stopped answering Job, because he was righteous in his own eyes. 2 But Elihu son of Barakel the Buzite, of the family of Ram, became very angry with Job for justifying himself rather than God. 3 He was also angry with the three friends, because they had found no way to refute Job, and yet had condemned him. 4 Now Elihu had waited before speaking to Job because they were older than he. 5 But when he saw that the three men had nothing more to say, his anger was aroused.
6 So Elihu son of Barakel the Buzite said:

"I am young in years,
and you are old;
that is why I was fearful,
not daring to tell you what I know.
7 I thought, 'Age should speak;
advanced years should teach wisdom.'
8 But it is the spirit in a man,
the breath of the Almighty, that gives him understanding.
9 It is not only the old who are wise,
not only the aged who understand what is right.

10 "Therefore I say: Listen to me;
I too will tell you what I know.
11 I waited while you spoke,
I listened to your reasoning;
while you were searching for words,
12 I gave you my full attention.
But not one of you has proved Job wrong;
none of you has answered his arguments.
13 Do not say, 'We have found wisdom;
let God refute him, not man.'
14 But Job has not marshaled his words against me,
and I will not answer him with your arguments.

15 "They are dismayed and have no more to say;
words have failed them.
16 Must I wait, now that they are silent,
now that they stand there with no reply?
17 I too will have my say;
I too will tell what I know.
18 For I am full of words,
and the spirit within me compels me;
19 inside I am like bottled-up wine,
like new wineskins ready to burst.
20 I must speak and find relief;
I must open my lips and reply.
21 I will show partiality to no one,
nor will I flatter any man;
22 for if I were skilled in flattery,
my Maker would soon take me away.

Job 32:1-22

Explanation:

32:1   If Job was really a good man, his three friends would have to drop their theory that suffering is always God's punishment for evil actions.  Instead of considering another viewpoint, however, they cut off the discussion.  They were convinced that Job had some hidden fault or sin, so there was no point in talking if Job would not confess it.  But Job knew he had lived uprightly before God and others and had avoided wrong thoughts and actions.  He wasn't about to invent a sin to satisfy his friends!

32:2.......  When Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar had nothing more to say, Elihu became the fourth person to speak to Job.  This was the first and only time he spoke.  Apparently he was a bystander and much younger than the others, but he introduced a new viewpoint.  While Job's three friends said he was suffering from some past sins, Elihu said Job's suffering would not go away until he realized his present sin.  He maintained that Job wasn't suffering because of sin, he was sinning because of suffering.  Elihu pointed out that Job's attitude had become arrogant as he tried to defend his innocence.  Elihu also said that suffering is not meant to punish us as much as it is meant to correct and restore us, to keep us on the right path.   There is much truth in Elihu's speech.  He was urging Job to look at his suffering from a different perspective and with a greater purpose in mind.  While his speech is on a higher spiritual plateau than the others, Elihu still wrongly assumed that a correct response to suffering always brings healing and restoration and that and that suffering is always in some way connected to sin.

32:7-9   The breath of the Almighty,  that gives him understanding.  It is not enough to recognize a great truth;  it must be lived out each day.  Elihu recognized the truth that God was the only source of real wisdom, but he did not use God's wisdom to help Job.  While he recognized where wisdom came from, he did not seek to acquire it.  Becoming wise is an ongoing, lifelong pursuit.  Don't be content just to know about wisdom; make it part of your life.

Job 33
1 "But now, Job, listen to my words;
pay attention to everything I say.
2 I am about to open my mouth;
my words are on the tip of my tongue.
3 My words come from an upright heart;
my lips sincerely speak what I know.
4 The Spirit of God has made me;
the breath of the Almighty gives me life.
5 Answer me then, if you can;
prepare yourself and confront me.
6 I am just like you before God;
I too have been taken from clay.
7 No fear of me should alarm you,
nor should my hand be heavy upon you.

8 "But you have said in my hearing-
I heard the very words-
9 'I am pure and without sin;
I am clean and free from guilt.
10 Yet God has found fault with me;
he considers me his enemy.
11 He fastens my feet in shackles;
he keeps close watch on all my paths.'

12 "But I tell you, in this you are not right,
for God is greater than man.
13 Why do you complain to him
that he answers none of man's words ?
14 For God does speak-now one way, now another-
though man may not perceive it.
15 In a dream, in a vision of the night,
when deep sleep falls on men
as they slumber in their beds,
16 he may speak in their ears
and terrify them with warnings,
17 to turn man from wrongdoing
and keep him from pride,
18 to preserve his soul from the pit,
his life from perishing by the sword.
19 Or a man may be chastened on a bed of pain
with constant distress in his bones,
20 so that his very being finds food repulsive
and his soul loathes the choicest meal.
21 His flesh wastes away to nothing,
and his bones, once hidden, now stick out.
22 His soul draws near to the pit,
and his life to the messengers of death.

23 "Yet if there is an angel on his side
as a mediator, one out of a thousand,
to tell a man what is right for him,
24 to be gracious to him and say,
'Spare him from going down to the pit ;
I have found a ransom for him'-
25 then his flesh is renewed like a child's;
it is restored as in the days of his youth.
26 He prays to God and finds favor with him,
he sees God's face and shouts for joy;
he is restored by God to his righteous state.
27 Then he comes to men and says,
'I sinned, and perverted what was right,
but I did not get what I deserved.
28 He redeemed my soul from going down to the pit,
and I will live to enjoy the light.'

29 "God does all these things to a man-
twice, even three times-
30 to turn back his soul from the pit,
that the light of life may shine on him.

31 "Pay attention, Job, and listen to me;
be silent, and I will speak.
32 If you have anything to say, answer me;
speak up, for I want you to be cleared.
33 But if not, then listen to me;
be silent, and I will teach you wisdom."

Job 33:1-33

Explanation:

33:13   Being informed brings a sense of security.  It's natural to want to know what's happening in our lives.  Job wanted to know what was going on, why he was suffering.  In previous chapters, we sense his frustration.  Elihu claimed to have the answer for Job's biggest question, Why doesn't God tell me what is happening?  Elihu told Job that God was trying to answer him, but he was not listening.  Elihu misjudged God on this point.  If God were to answer all our questions, we would not be adequately tested.  What if God had said, Job, Satan's going to test and afflict you, but in the end you'll be healed and get everything back?  Job's greatest test was not the pain, but that he did not know why he was suffering.  Our greatest test may be that we must trust God's goodness even though we don't understand why our lives are going a certain way.  We must learn to trust in God who is good and not in the goodness of life.

33:14-24   Elihu's point was that God had spoken again and again.  He spoke in dreams and visions (33:15-18), through suffering (33:19-22), and by mediating angels (33:23, 24).  Job already knew that.  Elihu accused Job of not listening to God, which was not true.

Job 34
1 Then Elihu said:

2 "Hear my words, you wise men;
listen to me, you men of learning.
3 For the ear tests words
as the tongue tastes food.
4 Let us discern for ourselves what is right;
let us learn together what is good.

5 "Job says, 'I am innocent,
but God denies me justice.
6 Although I am right,
I am considered a liar;
although I am guiltless,
his arrow inflicts an incurable wound.'
7 What man is like Job,
who drinks scorn like water?
8 He keeps company with evildoers;
he associates with wicked men.
9 For he says, 'It profits a man nothing
when he tries to please God.'

10 "So listen to me, you men of understanding.
Far be it from God to do evil,
from the Almighty to do wrong.
11 He repays a man for what he has done;
he brings upon him what his conduct deserves.
12 It is unthinkable that God would do wrong,
that the Almighty would pervert justice.
13 Who appointed him over the earth?
Who put him in charge of the whole world?
14 If it were his intention
and he withdrew his spirit and breath,
15 all mankind would perish together
and man would return to the dust.

16 "If you have understanding, hear this;
listen to what I say.
17 Can he who hates justice govern?
Will you condemn the just and mighty One?
18 Is he not the One who says to kings, 'You are worthless,'
and to nobles, 'You are wicked,'
19 who shows no partiality to princes
and does not favor the rich over the poor,
for they are all the work of his hands?
20 They die in an instant, in the middle of the night;
the people are shaken and they pass away;
the mighty are removed without human hand.

21 "His eyes are on the ways of men;
he sees their every step.
22 There is no dark place, no deep shadow,
where evildoers can hide.
23 God has no need to examine men further,
that they should come before him for judgment.
24 Without inquiry he shatters the mighty
and sets up others in their place.
25 Because he takes note of their deeds,
he overthrows them in the night and they are crushed.
26 He punishes them for their wickedness
where everyone can see them,
27 because they turned from following him
and had no regard for any of his ways.
28 They caused the cry of the poor to come before him,
so that he heard the cry of the needy.
29 But if he remains silent, who can condemn him?
If he hides his face, who can see him?
Yet he is over man and nation alike,
30 to keep a godless man from ruling,
from laying snares for the people.

31 "Suppose a man says to God,
'I am guilty but will offend no more.
32 Teach me what I cannot see;
if I have done wrong, I will not do so again.'
33 Should God then reward you on your terms,
when you refuse to repent?
You must decide, not I;
so tell me what you know.

34 "Men of understanding declare,
wise men who hear me say to me,
35 'Job speaks without knowledge;
his words lack insight.'
36 Oh, that Job might be tested to the utmost
for answering like a wicked man!
37 To his sin he adds rebellion;
scornfully he claps his hands among us
and multiplies his words against God."

Job 34:1-37

Explanation:

34:10-15   God doesn't sin and is never unjust, Elihu claimed.  Throughout this book, Eliphaz, Bildad, Zophar, and Elihu all have elements of truth in their speeches.  Unfortunately, the nuggets of truth are buried under layers of false assumptions and conclusions.  Although we might have a wealth of Bible knowledge and life experiences, we must make sure our conclusions are consistent with all of God's Word, not just parts of it.

Job 35
1 Then Elihu said:

2 "Do you think this is just?
You say, 'I will be cleared by God. '
3 Yet you ask him, 'What profit is it to me,
and what do I gain by not sinning?'

4 "I would like to reply to you
and to your friends with you.
5 Look up at the heavens and see;
gaze at the clouds so high above you.
6 If you sin, how does that affect him?
If your sins are many, what does that do to him?
7 If you are righteous, what do you give to him,
or what does he receive from your hand?
8 Your wickedness affects only a man like yourself,
and your righteousness only the sons of men.

9 "Men cry out under a load of oppression;
they plead for relief from the arm of the powerful.
10 But no one says, 'Where is God my Maker,
who gives songs in the night,
11 who teaches more to us than to the beasts of the earth
and makes us wiser than the birds of the air?'
12 He does not answer when men cry out
because of the arrogance of the wicked.
13 Indeed, God does not listen to their empty plea;
the Almighty pays no attention to it.
14 How much less, then, will he listen
when you say that you do not see him,
that your case is before him
and you must wait for him,
15 and further, that his anger never punishes
and he does not take the least notice of wickedness.
16 So Job opens his mouth with empty talk;
without knowledge he multiplies words."

Job 35:1-16

Explanation:

35:1......    Sometimes we wonder if being faithful to our convictions really does any good at all.  Elihu spoke to this very point.  His conclusion was that God is still concerned even though he doesn't intervene immediately in every situation.  In the broad scope of time God executes justice.  We have his promise on that.  Don't lose hope.  Wait upon God.  He notices your right living and your faith.

Job 36
1 Elihu continued:

2 "Bear with me a little longer and I will show you
that there is more to be said in God's behalf.
3 I get my knowledge from afar;
I will ascribe justice to my Maker.
4 Be assured that my words are not false;
one perfect in knowledge is with you.

5 "God is mighty, but does not despise men;
he is mighty, and firm in his purpose.
6 He does not keep the wicked alive
but gives the afflicted their rights.
7 He does not take his eyes off the righteous;
he enthrones them with kings
and exalts them forever.
8 But if men are bound in chains,
held fast by cords of affliction,
9 he tells them what they have done-
that they have sinned arrogantly.
10 He makes them listen to correction
and commands them to repent of their evil.
11 If they obey and serve him,
they will spend the rest of their days in prosperity
and their years in contentment.
12 But if they do not listen,
they will perish by the sword
and die without knowledge.

13 "The godless in heart harbor resentment;
even when he fetters them, they do not cry for help.
14 They die in their youth,
among male prostitutes of the shrines.
15 But those who suffer he delivers in their suffering;
he speaks to them in their affliction.

16 "He is wooing you from the jaws of distress
to a spacious place free from restriction,
to the comfort of your table laden with choice food.
17 But now you are laden with the judgment due the wicked;
judgment and justice have taken hold of you.
18 Be careful that no one entices you by riches;
do not let a large bribe turn you aside.
19 Would your wealth
or even all your mighty efforts
sustain you so you would not be in distress?
20 Do not long for the night,
to drag people away from their homes.
21 Beware of turning to evil,
which you seem to prefer to affliction.

22 "God is exalted in his power.
Who is a teacher like him?
23 Who has prescribed his ways for him,
or said to him, 'You have done wrong'?
24 Remember to extol his work,
which men have praised in song.
25 All mankind has seen it;
men gaze on it from afar.
26 How great is God-beyond our understanding!
The number of his years is past finding out.

27 "He draws up the drops of water,
which distill as rain to the streams ;
28 the clouds pour down their moisture
and abundant showers fall on mankind.
29 Who can understand how he spreads out the clouds,
how he thunders from his pavilion?
30 See how he scatters his lightning about him,
bathing the depths of the sea.
31 This is the way he governs the nations
and provides food in abundance.
32 He fills his hands with lightning
and commands it to strike its mark.
33 His thunder announces the coming storm;
even the cattle make known its approach.

Job 36:1-33

Explanation:

36:26    One theme in the poetic literature of the Bible is that God is incomprehensible; we cannot know him completely.  We can have some knowledge about him, for the Bible is full of details about who God is, how we can know him, and how we can have an eternal relationship with him.  But we can never know enough to answer all of life's questions (Ecclesiastes 3:11), to predict our  own future, or to manipulate God for our own ends.  Life always creates more questions than we have answers, and we must constantly go to God for fresh insights into life's dilemmas.

Job 37
1 "At this my heart pounds
and leaps from its place.
2 Listen! Listen to the roar of his voice,
to the rumbling that comes from his mouth.
3 He unleashes his lightning beneath the whole heaven
and sends it to the ends of the earth.
4 After that comes the sound of his roar;
he thunders with his majestic voice.
When his voice resounds,
he holds nothing back.
5 God's voice thunders in marvelous ways;
he does great things beyond our understanding.
6 He says to the snow, 'Fall on the earth,'
and to the rain shower, 'Be a mighty downpour.'
7 So that all men he has made may know his work,
he stops every man from his labor.
8 The animals take cover;
they remain in their dens.
9 The tempest comes out from its chamber,
the cold from the driving winds.
10 The breath of God produces ice,
and the broad waters become frozen.
11 He loads the clouds with moisture;
he scatters his lightning through them.
12 At his direction they swirl around
over the face of the whole earth
to do whatever he commands them.
13 He brings the clouds to punish men,
or to water his earth and show his love.

14 "Listen to this, Job;
stop and consider God's wonders.
15 Do you know how God controls the clouds
and makes his lightning flash?
16 Do you know how the clouds hang poised,
those wonders of him who is perfect in knowledge?
17 You who swelter in your clothes
when the land lies hushed under the south wind,
18 can you join him in spreading out the skies,
hard as a mirror of cast bronze?

19 "Tell us what we should say to him;
we cannot draw up our case because of our darkness.
20 Should he be told that I want to speak?
Would any man ask to be swallowed up?
21 Now no one can look at the sun,
bright as it is in the skies
after the wind has swept them clean.
22 Out of the north he comes in golden splendor;
God comes in awesome majesty.
23 The Almighty is beyond our reach and exalted in power;
in his justice and great righteousness, he does not oppress.
24 Therefore, men revere him,
for does he not have regard for all the wise in heart? "

Job 37:1-24

Explanation:

37:2   Nothing can compare to God.   His power and presence are awesome, and when he speaks, we must listen.  Too often we presume to speak for God (as did Job's friends), to put words in his mouth, to take him for granted, or to interpret his silence to mean that he is absent or unconcerned.  But God cares.  He is in control, and he will speak.  Be ready to hear his message--in the Bible, in your life through the Holy Spirit, and through circumstances and relationships.

37:21-24   Elihu concluded his speech with the tremendous truth that faith in God is more important than Job's desire for an explanation for his suffering.  He came so close to helping Job but then went down the wrong path.  Significantly, it is here that God himself breaks into the discussion to draw the right conclusions from this important truth (next chapter God speaks).

37:23    Elihu stressed God's sovereignty over all of nature as a reminder of his sovereignty over our lives.  God is in control--he directs, preserves, and maintains his created order.  Although we can't see it, God is divinely governing the moral and political affairs of people as well.  By spending time observing the majestic and intricate parts of God's creation, we can be reminded of his power in every aspect of our lives.

Job 38


The LORD Speaks

1 Then the LORD answered Job out of the storm. He said:

2 "Who is this that darkens my counsel
with words without knowledge?
3 Brace yourself like a man;
I will question you,
and you shall answer me.

4 "Where were you when I laid the earth's foundation?
Tell me, if you understand.
5 Who marked off its dimensions? Surely you know!
Who stretched a measuring line across it?
6 On what were its footings set,
or who laid its cornerstone-
7 while the morning stars sang together
and all the angels shouted for joy?

8 "Who shut up the sea behind doors
when it burst forth from the womb,
9 when I made the clouds its garment
and wrapped it in thick darkness,
10 when I fixed limits for it
and set its doors and bars in place,
11 when I said, 'This far you may come and no farther;
here is where your proud waves halt'?

12 "Have you ever given orders to the morning,
or shown the dawn its place,
13 that it might take the earth by the edges
and shake the wicked out of it?
14 The earth takes shape like clay under a seal;
its features stand out like those of a garment.
15 The wicked are denied their light,
and their upraised arm is broken.

16 "Have you journeyed to the springs of the sea
or walked in the recesses of the deep?
17 Have the gates of death been shown to you?
Have you seen the gates of the shadow of death ?
18 Have you comprehended the vast expanses of the earth?
Tell me, if you know all this.

19 "What is the way to the abode of light?
And where does darkness reside?
20 Can you take them to their places?
Do you know the paths to their dwellings?
21 Surely you know, for you were already born!
You have lived so many years!

22 "Have you entered the storehouses of the snow
or seen the storehouses of the hail,
23 which I reserve for times of trouble,
for days of war and battle?
24 What is the way to the place where the lightning is dispersed,
or the place where the east winds are scattered over the earth?
25 Who cuts a channel for the torrents of rain,
and a path for the thunderstorm,
26 to water a land where no man lives,
a desert with no one in it,
27 to satisfy a desolate wasteland
and make it sprout with grass?
28 Does the rain have a father?
Who fathers the drops of dew?
29 From whose womb comes the ice?
Who gives birth to the frost from the heavens
30 when the waters become hard as stone,
when the surface of the deep is frozen?

31 "Can you bind the beautiful Pleiades?
Can you loose the cords of Orion?
32 Can you bring forth the constellations in their seasons
or lead out the Bear with its cubs?
33 Do you know the laws of the heavens?
Can you set up God's dominion over the earth?

34 "Can you raise your voice to the clouds
and cover yourself with a flood of water?
35 Do you send the lightning bolts on their way?
Do they report to you, 'Here we are'?
36 Who endowed the heart with wisdom
or gave understanding to the mind ?
37 Who has the wisdom to count the clouds?
Who can tip over the water jars of the heavens
38 when the dust becomes hard
and the clods of earth stick together?

39 "Do you hunt the prey for the lioness
and satisfy the hunger of the lions
40 when they crouch in their dens
or lie in wait in a thicket?
41 Who provides food for the raven
when its young cry out to God
and wander about for lack of food?

Job 38:1-41

Explanation:

38:1.......  Out of a mighty storm, God spoke.  Surprisingly, he didn't answer any of Job's questions;  Job's questions were not at the heart of the issue.  Instead, God used Job's ignorance of the earth's natural order to reveal his ignorance of God's moral order.  If Job did not understand the workings of God's physical creation, how could he possibly understand God's mind and character?  There is no standard or criterion higher than God himself by which to judge.  God himself is the standard.  Our only option is to submit to his authority and rest in his care.

38:22, 23   God said he was reserving the storehouses of the snow and hail for times of trouble.  God used hail to help Joshua and the Israelites win a battle (Joshua 10:11).  Just as armies keep weapons in the armory, God has all the forces of nature in his control.  Sometimes he uses them to confound those opposed to him of his people.  Job couldn't even begin to know all of God's resources.

38:22-35   God stated that he has all the forces of nature at his command and that he can unleash or restrain them at will.  No one completely understands such common occurrences as rain or snow, and no one can command them--only God who created them has that power.  God's point was that if Job could not explain such common events in nature, how could he possibly explain or question God?  And if nature is beyond our grasp, God's moral purposes may not be what we imagine either.

38:31, 32   These are star constellations, and they are all under God's control.

Job 39
1 "Do you know when the mountain goats give birth?
Do you watch when the doe bears her fawn?
2 Do you count the months till they bear?
Do you know the time they give birth?
3 They crouch down and bring forth their young;
their labor pains are ended.
4 Their young thrive and grow strong in the wilds;
they leave and do not return.

5 "Who let the wild donkey go free?
Who untied his ropes?
6 I gave him the wasteland as his home,
the salt flats as his habitat.
7 He laughs at the commotion in the town;
he does not hear a driver's shout.
8 He ranges the hills for his pasture
and searches for any green thing.

9 "Will the wild ox consent to serve you?
Will he stay by your manger at night?
10 Can you hold him to the furrow with a harness?
Will he till the valleys behind you?
11 Will you rely on him for his great strength?
Will you leave your heavy work to him?
12 Can you trust him to bring in your grain
and gather it to your threshing floor?

13 "The wings of the ostrich flap joyfully,
but they cannot compare with the pinions and feathers of the stork.
14 She lays her eggs on the ground
and lets them warm in the sand,
15 unmindful that a foot may crush them,
that some wild animal may trample them.
16 She treats her young harshly, as if they were not hers;
she cares not that her labor was in vain,
17 for God did not endow her with wisdom
or give her a share of good sense.
18 Yet when she spreads her feathers to run,
she laughs at horse and rider.

19 "Do you give the horse his strength
or clothe his neck with a flowing mane?
20 Do you make him leap like a locust,
striking terror with his proud snorting?
21 He paws fiercely, rejoicing in his strength,
and charges into the fray.
22 He laughs at fear, afraid of nothing;
he does not shy away from the sword.
23 The quiver rattles against his side,
along with the flashing spear and lance.
24 In frenzied excitement he eats up the ground;
he cannot stand still when the trumpet sounds.
25 At the blast of the trumpet he snorts, 'Aha!'
He catches the scent of battle from afar,
the shout of commanders and the battle cry.

26 "Does the hawk take flight by your wisdom
and spread his wings toward the south?
27 Does the eagle soar at your command
and build his nest on high?
28 He dwells on a cliff and stays there at night;
a rocky crag is his stronghold.
29 From there he seeks out his food;
his eyes detect it from afar.
30 His young ones feast on blood,
and where the slain are, there is he."

Job 39:1-30

Explanation:

39:1......   God asked Job several questions about the animal kingdom in order to demonstrate how limited Job's knowledge really was.  God was not seeking answers from Job.  Instead, he was getting Job to recognize and submit to God's power and sovereignty.  Only then could he hear what God was really saying to him.

Job 40
1 The LORD said to Job:

2 "Will the one who contends with the Almighty correct him?
Let him who accuses God answer him!"

3 Then Job answered the LORD :

4 "I am unworthy-how can I reply to you?
I put my hand over my mouth.
5 I spoke once, but I have no answer-
twice, but I will say no more."

6 Then the LORD spoke to Job out of the storm:

7 "Brace yourself like a man;
I will question you,
and you shall answer me.

8 "Would you discredit my justice?
Would you condemn me to justify yourself?
9 Do you have an arm like God's,
and can your voice thunder like his?
10 Then adorn yourself with glory and splendor,
and clothe yourself in honor and majesty.
11 Unleash the fury of your wrath,
look at every proud man and bring him low,
12 look at every proud man and humble him,
crush the wicked where they stand.
13 Bury them all in the dust together;
shroud their faces in the grave.
14 Then I myself will admit to you
that your own right hand can save you.

15 "Look at the behemoth,
which I made along with you
and which feeds on grass like an ox.
16 What strength he has in his loins,
what power in the muscles of his belly!
17 His tail sways like a cedar;
the sinews of his thighs are close-knit.
18 His bones are tubes of bronze,
his limbs like rods of iron.
19 He ranks first among the works of God,
yet his Maker can approach him with his sword.
20 The hills bring him their produce,
and all the wild animals play nearby.
21 Under the lotus plants he lies,
hidden among the reeds in the marsh.
22 The lotuses conceal him in their shadow;
the poplars by the stream surround him.
23 When the river rages, he is not alarmed;
he is secure, though the Jordan should surge against his mouth.
24 Can anyone capture him by the eyes,
or trap him and pierce his nose?

Job 40:1-24

Explanation:

40:2-5   How do you contend with or accuse Almighty God?   Do you demand answers when things don't go your way, you lose a job, someone close to you is il or dies, finances are tight, you fail, or unexpected changes occur?  The next time you are tempted to complain to God, consider how much he loves you.  And remember Job's reaction when he had his chance to speak.  Are you worse off than Job or more righteous than he?  Give God a chance to reveal his greater purposes for you, but remember that they may unfold over the course of your life and not at the moment you desire.

40:4   Throughout his time of suffering, Job longed to have an opportunity to plead his innocence before God.  Here God appeared to Job and gave him that opportunity.  But Job decided to remain quiet because it was no longer necessary for him to speak.  God had shown Job that, as a limited human being, he had neither the ability to judge the God who created the universe nor the right to ask why.  God's actions do not depend on ours.  He will do what he knows is best, regardless of what we think is fair.  It is important to note, however, that God came to Job, demonstrating his love and care for him.

40:15   The behemoth was a large land animal, possibly an elephant or hippopotamus.

Job 41
1 "Can you pull in the leviathan with a fishhook
or tie down his tongue with a rope?
2 Can you put a cord through his nose
or pierce his jaw with a hook?
3 Will he keep begging you for mercy?
Will he speak to you with gentle words?
4 Will he make an agreement with you
for you to take him as your slave for life?
5 Can you make a pet of him like a bird
or put him on a leash for your girls?
6 Will traders barter for him?
Will they divide him up among the merchants?
7 Can you fill his hide with harpoons
or his head with fishing spears?
8 If you lay a hand on him,
you will remember the struggle and never do it again!
9 Any hope of subduing him is false;
the mere sight of him is overpowering.
10 No one is fierce enough to rouse him.
Who then is able to stand against me?
11 Who has a claim against me that I must pay?
Everything under heaven belongs to me.

12 "I will not fail to speak of his limbs,
his strength and his graceful form.
13 Who can strip off his outer coat?
Who would approach him with a bridle?
14 Who dares open the doors of his mouth,
ringed about with his fearsome teeth?
15 His back has rows of shields
tightly sealed together;
16 each is so close to the next
that no air can pass between.
17 They are joined fast to one another;
they cling together and cannot be parted.
18 His snorting throws out flashes of light;
his eyes are like the rays of dawn.
19 Firebrands stream from his mouth;
sparks of fire shoot out.
20 Smoke pours from his nostrils
as from a boiling pot over a fire of reeds.
21 His breath sets coals ablaze,
and flames dart from his mouth.
22 Strength resides in his neck;
dismay goes before him.
23 The folds of his flesh are tightly joined;
they are firm and immovable.
24 His chest is hard as rock,
hard as a lower millstone.
25 When he rises up, the mighty are terrified;
they retreat before his thrashing.
26 The sword that reaches him has no effect,
nor does the spear or the dart or the javelin.
27 Iron he treats like straw
and bronze like rotten wood.
28 Arrows do not make him flee;
slingstones are like chaff to him.
29 A club seems to him but a piece of straw;
he laughs at the rattling of the lance.
30 His undersides are jagged potsherds,
leaving a trail in the mud like a threshing sledge.
31 He makes the depths churn like a boiling caldron
and stirs up the sea like a pot of ointment.
32 Behind him he leaves a glistening wake;
one would think the deep had white hair.
33 Nothing on earth is his equal-
a creature without fear.
34 He looks down on all that are haughty;
he is king over all that are proud."

Job 41:1-34

Explanation:

41:1    While leviathan usually refers to a seven-headed sea monster in old Canaanite myths, it probably means crocodile here.

41:9-11   It is foolish for people to think they can stand up against God when they are afraid to confront even a crocodile.  How much more powerful is God!  It is better to submit to God's loving authority than to face his wrath.

Job 42


Job

1 Then Job replied to the LORD :

2 "I know that you can do all things;
no plan of yours can be thwarted.
3 You asked, 'Who is this that obscures my counsel without knowledge?'
Surely I spoke of things I did not understand,
things too wonderful for me to know.

4 "You said, 'Listen now, and I will speak;
I will question you,
and you shall answer me.'
5 My ears had heard of you
but now my eyes have seen you.
6 Therefore I despise myself
and repent in dust and ashes."



Epilogue
7 After the LORD had said these things to Job, he said to Eliphaz the Temanite, "I am angry with you and your two friends, because you have not spoken of me what is right, as my servant Job has. 8 So now take seven bulls and seven rams and go to my servant Job and sacrifice a burnt offering for yourselves. My servant Job will pray for you, and I will accept his prayer and not deal with you according to your folly. You have not spoken of me what is right, as my servant Job has." 9 So Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite did what the LORD told them; and the LORD accepted Job's prayer.
10 After Job had prayed for his friends, the LORD made him prosperous again and gave him twice as much as he had before. 11 All his brothers and sisters and everyone who had known him before came and ate with him in his house. They comforted and consoled him over all the trouble the LORD had brought upon him, and each one gave him a piece of silver and a gold ring.
12 The LORD blessed the latter part of Job's life more than the first. He had fourteen thousand sheep, six thousand camels, a thousand yoke of oxen and a thousand donkeys. 13 And he also had seven sons and three daughters. 14 The first daughter he named Jemimah, the second Keziah and the third Keren-Happuch. 15 Nowhere in all the land were there found women as beautiful as Job's daughters, and their father granted them an inheritance along with their brothers.
16 After this, Job lived a hundred and forty years; he saw his children and their children to the fourth generation. 17 And so he died, old and full of years.

Job 42:1-17

Explanation:

42:1....Throughout the book, Job's friends had asked him to admit his sin and ask forgiveness, and eventually Job did indeed repent.  Ironically, Job's repentance was not the kind called for by his friends.  He did not ask for forgiveness for committing secret sins, but for questioning God's sovereignty and justice.  Job repented of his attitude and acknowledged God's great power and perfect justice.  We sin when we angrily ask, If God is in control, how could he let this happen?  Because we are locked into time, unable to see beyond today, we cannot know the reasons for everything that happens.  Will you trust God with your unanswered questions?

42:2-4   Job was quoting the Lord's earlier questions to him (38:2, 3).  He openly and honestly faced God and admitted that he was the one who had been foolish.  Are you using what you can't understand as an excuse for your lack of trust?  Admit to God that you don't even have enough faith to trust him.  True faith begins in such humility. 

42:7, 8  God made it clear that Job's friends were wrong.  The fact that God did not mention any specific sins shows that God confirmed Job's claim to have led a devout and obedient life.  Job's friends had made the error of assuming that Job's suffering was caused by some great sin.  They were judging Job without knowing what God was doing.  We must be careful to avoid making judgments about a person because God may be working in ways we know nothing about.

42:8-10   After receiving much criticism, Job was still able to pray for his three friends.  It is difficult to forgive someone who has accused us of wrongdoing, but Job did.  Are you praying for those who have hurt you?  Can you forgive them?  Follow the actions of Job, whom God called a good man, and pray for those who have wronged you.

42:10, 11   Would the message of the book of Job change if God had not restored Job to his former blessings?  No.  God is still sovereign.  Jesus said that anyone who gives up something for the kingdom of God will be repaid (Luke 18:29, 30).  Our restoration may or may not be the same kind as Job's, which was both spiritual and material.  Our complete restoration may not be in this lifetime  but it will happen.  God loves us, and he is just.  He not only will restore whatever we have lost unjustly, but he also will give us more than we can imagine as we live with him in eternity.  Cling tightly to your faith through all your trials and you too will be rewarded by God--if not now, in the life to come.

42:17   The main question in the book of Job is timely:  Why do believers experience troubles and suffering?  Through a long debate, Job's supposedly wise friends were unable to answer this question.  Job's friends made a serious error for which God rebuked them.  They assumed that trouble comes only because people sin.  People make the same mistake today when they assert that sickness or lack of material blessing is a sign of unconfessed sin or lack of faith.  Though normally (but not always) following God leads to a happier life, and rebelling against God normally (but not always) leads to an unhappy life, God is in control.  In our world invaded by sin, calamity and suffering may come to good and bad alike.   This does not mean that God is indifferent, uncaring, unjust, or powerless to protect us.  Bad things happen because we live in a fallen world where both believers and unbelievers are hit with the tragic consequences of sin.  God allows evil for a time although he often turns it around for our good (Romans 8:28).  We may have no answers as to why God allows evil, but we can be sure he is all powerful and knows what he is doing.  The next time you face trials and dilemmas, see them as opportunities to turn to God for strength.  You will find a God who only desires to show his love and compassion to you.  If you can trust him in pain, confusion, and loneliness, you will win the victory and eliminate doubt, one of Satan's greatest footholds in your life.  Make God your foundation.  You can never be separated from his love.