1 Chronicles 1:
Historical Records From Adam to Abraham
    To Noahís Sons

 1 Adam, Seth, Enosh, 2 Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared, 3 Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech, Noah.

 4 The sons of Noah:
   Shem, Ham and Japheth.

   The Japhethites

 5 The sons of Japheth:
   Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshek and Tiras.

 6 The sons of Gomer:
   Ashkenaz, Riphath
and Togarmah.

 7 The sons of Javan:
   Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittites and the Rodanites.

   The Hamites

 8 The sons of Ham:
   Cush, Egypt, Put and Canaan.

 9 The sons of Cush:
   Seba, Havilah, Sabta, Raamah and Sabteka.

   The sons of Raamah:
   Sheba and Dedan.

 10 Cush was the father of
   Nimrod, who became a mighty warrior on earth.

 11 Egypt was the father of
   the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites, 12 Pathrusites, Kasluhites (from whom the Philistines came) and Caphtorites.

 13 Canaan was the father of
   Sidon his firstborn,
and of the Hittites, 14 Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites, 15 Hivites, Arkites, Sinites, 16 Arvadites, Zemarites and Hamathites.

   The Semites

 17 The sons of Shem:
   Elam, Ashur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram.

   The sons of Aram:
   Uz, Hul, Gether and Meshek.

 18 Arphaxad was the father of Shelah,
   and Shelah the father of Eber.

 19 Two sons were born to Eber:
   One was named Peleg,
because in his time the earth was divided; his brother was named Joktan.

 20 Joktan was the father of
   Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 21 Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 22 Obal,
Abimael, Sheba, 23 Ophir, Havilah and Jobab. All these were sons of Joktan.

 24 Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah,
 25 Eber, Peleg, Reu,
 26 Serug, Nahor, Terah
 27 and Abram (that is, Abraham).

1 Chronicles 1:1-27


This paragraph has Adam for its first word and Abraham for its last. Between the creation of the former and the birth of the latter were 2000 years, almost the one-half of which time Adam himself lived. Adam was the common father of our flesh, Abraham the common father of the faithful. By the breach which the former made of the covenant of innocence, we were all made miserable; by the covenant of grace made with the latter, we all are, or may be, made happy. We all are, by nature, the seed of Adam, branches of that wild olive. Let us see to it that, by faith, we become the seed of Abraham (Rom. 4:11, 12), that we be grafted into the good olive and partake of its root and fatness. I. The first four verses of this paragraph, and the last four, which are linked together by Shem (v. 4, 24), contain the sacred line of Christ from Adam to Abraham, and are inserted in his pedigree, Lu. 3:34Ė38, the order ascending as here it descends. This genealogy proves the falsehood of that reproach, As for this man, we know not whence he is. Bishop Patrick well observes here that, a genealogy being to be drawn of the families of the Jews, this appears as the peculiar glory of the Jewish nation, that they alone were able to derive their pedigree from the first man that God created, which no other nation pretended to, but abused themselves and their posterity with fabulous accounts of their originals, the Arcadians fancying that they were before the moon, the people of Thessaly that they sprang from stones, the Athenians that they grew out of the earth, much like the vain imaginations which some of the philosophers had of the origin of the universe. The account which the holy scripture gives both of the creation of the world and of the rise of nations carries with it as clear evidences of its own truth as those idle traditions do of their own vanity and falsehood. II. All the verses between repeat the account of the replenishing of the earth by the sons of Noah after the flood. 1. The historian begins with those who were strangers to the church, the sons of Japhet, who were planted in the isles of the Gentiles, those western parts of the world, the countries of Europe. Of these he gives a short account (v. 5-7), because with these the Jews had hitherto had little or no dealings. 2. He proceeds to those who had many of them been enemies to the church, the sons of Ham, who moved southward towards Africa and those parts of Asia which lay that way. Nimrod the son of Cush began to be an oppressor, probably to the people of God in his time. But Mizraim, from whom came the Egyptians, and Canaan, from whom came the Canaanites, are both of them names of great note in the Jewish story; for with their descendants the Israel of God had severe struggles to get out of the land of Egypt and into the land of Canaan; and therefore the branches of Mizraim are particularly recorded (v. 11, 12), and of Canaan, v. 13Ė16. See at what a rate God valued Israel when he gave Egypt for their ransom (Isa. 43:3), and cast out all these nations before them, Ps. 70:8. 3. He then gives an account of those that were the ancestors and allies of the church, the posterity of Shem, v. 17Ė23. These peopled Asia, and spread themselves eastward. The Assyrians, Syrians, Chaldeans, Persians, and Arabians, descended from these. At first the originals of the respective nations were known; but at this day, we have reason to think, the nations are so mingled with one another, by the enlargement of commerce and dominion, the transplanting of colonies, the carrying away of captives, and many other circumstances, that no one nation, no, nor the greatest part of any, is descended entire from any one of these fountains. Only this we are sure of, that God has created of one blood all nations of men; they have all descended from one Adam, one Noah. Have we not all one father? Has not one God created us? Mal. 2:10. Our register hastens to the line of Abraham, breaking off abruptly from all the other families of the sons of Noah but that of Arphaxad, from whom Christ was to come. The great promise of the Messiah (says bishop Patrick) was translated from Adam to Seth, from him to Shem, from him to Eber, and so to the Hebrew nation, who were entrusted, above all nations, with that sacred treasure, till the promise was performed and the Messiah had come, and then that nation was made not a people.

The Family of Abraham
 28 The sons of Abraham:
   Isaac and Ishmael.

   Descendants of Hagar

 29 These were their descendants:
   Nebaioth the firstborn of Ishmael, Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 30 Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadad, Tema, 31 Jetur, Naphish and Kedemah. These were the sons of Ishmael.

   Descendants of Keturah

 32 The sons born to Keturah, Abrahamís concubine:
   Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak and Shuah.

   The sons of Jokshan:
   Sheba and Dedan.

 33 The sons of Midian:
   Ephah, Epher, Hanok, Abida and Eldaah.

   All these were descendants of Keturah.

   Descendants of Sarah

 34 Abraham was the father of Isaac.

   The sons of Isaac:
   Esau and Israel.

Esauís Sons
 35 The sons of Esau:
   Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jalam and Korah.

 36 The sons of Eliphaz:
   Teman, Omar, Zepho,
Gatam and Kenaz;
   by Timna: Amalek.

 37 The sons of Reuel:
   Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah.

   The People of Seir in Edom

 38 The sons of Seir:
   Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer and Dishan.

 39 The sons of Lotan:
   Hori and Homam. Timna was Lotanís sister.

 40 The sons of Shobal:
Manahath, Ebal, Shepho and Onam.

   The sons of Zibeon:
   Aiah and Anah.

 41 The son of Anah:

   The sons of Dishon:
Eshban, Ithran and Keran.

 42 The sons of Ezer:
   Bilhan, Zaavan and Akan.

   The sons of Dishan:
   Uz and Aran.

   The Rulers of Edom

 43 These were the kings who reigned in Edom before any Israelite king reigned:
   Bela son of Beor, whose city was named Dinhabah.

 44 When Bela died, Jobab son of Zerah from Bozrah succeeded him as king.

 45 When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites succeeded him as king.

 46 When Husham died, Hadad son of Bedad, who defeated Midian in the country of Moab, succeeded him as king. His city was named Avith.

 47 When Hadad died, Samlah from Masrekah succeeded him as king.

 48 When Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth on the river succeeded him as king.

 49 When Shaul died, Baal-Hanan son of Akbor succeeded him as king.

 50 When Baal-Hanan died, Hadad succeeded him as king. His city was named Pau, and his wifeís name was Mehetabel daughter of Matred, the daughter of Me-Zahab. 51 Hadad also died.

   The chiefs of Edom were:
   Timna, Alvah, Jetheth, 52 Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon, 53 Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar, 54 Magdiel and Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom.

1 Chronicles 1:28-54


All nations but the seed of Abraham are already shaken off from this genealogy: they have no part nor lot in this matter. The Lordís portion is his people. Of them he keeps an account, knows them by name; but those who are strangers to him he beholds afar off. Not that we are to conclude that therefore no particular persons of any other nation but the seed of Abraham found favor with God. It was a truth, before Peter perceived it, that in every nation he that feared God and wrought righteousness was accepted of him. Multitudes will be brought to heaven out of all nations (Rev. 7:9), and we are willing to hope there were many, very many, good people in the world, that lay out of the pale of Godís covenant of peculiarity with Abraham, whose names were in the book of life, though not descended from any of the following families written in this book. The Lord knows those that are his. But Israel was a chosen nation, elect in type; and no other nation, in its national capacity, was so dignified and privileged as the Jewish nation was. That is the holy nation which is the subject of the sacred story; and therefore we are next to shake off all the seed of Abraham but the posterity of Jacob only, which were all incorporated into one nation and joined to the Lord, while the other descendants from Abraham, for aught that appears, were estranged both from God and from one another. I. We shall have little to say of the Ishmaelites. They were the sons of the bondwoman, that were to be cast out and not to be heirs with the child of the promise; and their case was to represent that of the unbelieving Jews, who were rejected (Gal. 4:22, etc.), and therefore there is little notice taken of that nation. Ishmaelís twelve sons are just named here (v. 29Ė31), to show the performance of the promise God made to Abraham, in answer to his prayer for him, that, for Abrahamís sake, he should become a great nation, and particularly that he should beget twelve princes, Gen. 17:20.II. We shall have little to say of the Midianites, who descended from Abrahamís children by Keturah. They were children of the east (probably Job was one of them), and were separated from Isaac, the heir of the promise (Gen. 25:6), and therefore they are only named here, v. 32. The sons of Jokshan, the son of Keturah, are named also, and the sons of Midian (v. 32, 33), who became most eminent, and perhaps gave denomination to all these families, as Judah to the Jews. III. We shall not have much to say of the Edomites. They had an inveterate enmity to Godís Israel; yet because they descended from Esau, the son of Isaac, we have here an account of their families, and the names of some of their famous men, v. 35 to the end. Some slight differences there are between some of the names here, and as we had them in Gen. 36, whence this whole account is taken. Three of four names that were written with a Vau there are written with a Jod here, probably the pronunciation being altered, as is usual in other languages. we now write many words very differently from what they were written but 200 years ago. Let us take occasion, from the reading of these genealogies, to think, 1. Of the multitudes that have gone through this world, have acted their part in it, and then quitted it. Job, even in his early day, saw not only every man drawing after him, but innumerable before him, Job 21:33. All these, and all theirs, had their day; many of them made a mighty noise and figure in the world; but their day came to fall, and their place knew them no more. The paths of death are trodden paths, but vestigia nulla retrorsum ónone can retrace their steps. 2. Of the providence of God, which keeps up the generations of men, and so preserves that degenerate race, though guilty and obnoxious, in being upon earth. How easily could he cut it off without either a deluge or a conflagration! Write but all the children of men childless, as some are, and in a few years the earth will be eased of the burden under which it groans; but the divine patience lets the trees that cumber the ground not only grow, but propagate. As one generation, even of sinful men, passes away, another comes (Eccl. 1:4; Num. 32:14), and will do so while the earth remains. Destroy it not, for a blessing is in it.